Articles

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XpertHR, 17 November 2017

The Government's scheme for individuals to apply for tribunal fees refunds has been rolled out to all applicants, after a "successful opening phase of the scheme". This reduces inequalities between richer and poorer employees and between richer companies and poorer employees contributing to SDG 10.
Elsevier,

Neuron, Volume 96, Issue 4, 15 November 2017, Pages 721-729

In the past 50 years, significant progress in women’s equality has been made worldwide. Western countries, particularly European countries, have implemented initiatives to attain a more gender-balanced workforce with the introduction of family friendly policies, by trying to narrow the gender pay gap and by promoting women’s career progression. This paper reports on the progress made in higher education, the shortcomings, and how new initiatives hold great promise for improving gender equality (SDG 5) in academia around the globe.
Elsevier,

Harmful Algae, Volume 69, 2017, Pages 18-27, ISSN 1568-9883

An early warning scheme is proposed that runs ensembles of inferential models for predicting the cyanobacterial population dynamics and cyanotoxin concentrations in drinking water reservoirs. When the 10- to 30-day-ahead predicted concentrations of cyanobacteria cells or cyanotoxins exceed pre-defined limit values, an early warning automatically activates an action plan considering in-lake control. Implementing the proposed scheme for drinking water reservoirs enhances current water quality monitoring practices by solely utilising in situ monitoring data, in addition to cyanobacteria and cyanotoxin measurements. Access to routinely measured cyanotoxin data allows for development of models that predict explicitly cyanotoxin concentrations that avoid to inadvertently model and predict non-toxic cyanobacterial strains.
Elsevier,

Annals of Tourism Research, Volume 67, November 2017, Pages 14-24

This paper presents an intersectional analysis of the gender-water-tourism nexus. Based in an emergent tourism destination, Labuan Bajo, Indonesia, it goes beyond an analysis of how women bear the brunt of burdens related to water scarcity, and examines which women, why and how it affects their daily lives. This relates to SDG 5 Gender equality and SDG 6 clean water and sanitation.
Elsevier,

Journal of Arid Environments, 2017, ISSN 0140-1963

Living in a harsh, desert climate, Omani rural communities have developed locally-appropriate knowledge to deal with water scarcity. The aflaj taps into the natural water table and uses a gravity system to channel water through underground channels to villages. Traditional techniques of water management, represents a way of adapting to and coping with difficult climates but modernisation harms these traditional systems. This review finds ways for the aflaj system to respond to pressures of modernity and adapt to a multiple institutional framework to ‘transform’ collective water management, contributing to SDG 6.
Elsevier,

Science Bulletin, Volume 62, Issue 2, 30 January 2017, Pages 83-91

Traditional nutrient recycling systems in China have been recognized as a good model for long-term sustainability. Nevertheless, the traditional philosophy has not been well inherited in modern society, and the consequences of environmental degradation from the changed nutrient management systems have not been well recognized by the public. If the additional nutrient sources in future urbanization cannot be well recycled, people will face more challenging environmental problems. The analysis of the environmental and economic costs from wastewater treatment systems indicates that the road for nutrient management after the 1980s was not the right choice. China should re-evaluate the value of the traditional philosophy and develop new technologies to meet modern socioeconomic requirements. These insights support many of the targets to advance SDG 11 Sustainable cities and communities.
Elsevier,

Science Bulletin, Volume 61, Issue 23, December 2016, Pages 1833-1838

Future climate change is usually projected by coupled earth system models under specific emission scenarios designed by integrated assessment models (IAMs): this offline approach means there is no interaction between the coupled earth system models and the IAMs. This paper introduces a new method to design possible future emission scenarios and corresponding climate change, in which a simple economic and climate damage component is added to the coupled earth system model of Beijing Normal University (BNU-ESMs. Measuring future climate change is critical for reporting on progress on SDG 13 Climate action.
Elsevier,

Kidney International Supplements, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 71-87

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health concern and an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. In support of SDG 3, this review expands on the recently published International Society of Nephrology (ISN) CKD roadmap, which discusses the globally relevant major traditional and nontraditional CKD risk factors, highlights gaps in knowledge, and recommends strategies to close these gaps and enhance CKD prevention.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 7, October 2017, Pages 13-17

Over the last decades, considerable attention has been directed towards the use of water as a medium in organic synthesis for sustainability, non-toxicity and safety reasons. In support of SDG 12, the paper presents the most recent advances in applications of alternative medium to replace polar aprotic solvents such as dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethylacetamide (DMAc) or N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). Focus is made on the use of nonionic designer surfactant (e.g. TPGS-750-M) in water instead of traditional organic solvents.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 7, October 2017, Pages 23-30

Enzymes are used in biocatalytic processes for the efficient and sustainable production of pharmaceuticals, fragrances, fine chemicals, and other products. Most bioprocesses exploit chemistry found in nature, but we are now entering a realm of biocatalysis that goes well beyond. Enzymes have been engineered to catalyze reactions previously only accessible with synthetic catalysts. Because they can be tuned by directed evolution, many of these new biocatalysts have been shown to perform abiological reactions with high activity and selectivity. We discuss recent examples, showcase catalyst improvements achieved using directed evolution, and comment on some current and future implications of non-natural enzyme evolution for sustainable chemical synthesis.

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