Europe

This article looks at technology and policy strategies that a community may adopt today, and uses backcasting to assess whether they will prove helpful to reach long-term sustainability goals, in support of SDG 11. Using a computational case study of London, the city's metabolism is modeled as the set of interacting, cross-sectoral (water, food, energy, waste) flows of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), water, and energy. The paper proceeds to examine which businesses are currently marketing some of the identified key technological innovations
Green waste left over from vegetable harvesting provides feed for sheep and is then returned to the soil as manure
Livestock has disappeared from swathes of England in the past 50 years as many growers became increasingly specialised. However as our soils increasingly suffer leaching, erosion and compaction from ever-heavier modern machinery, more and more arable farmers are reaping the benefits of bringing sheep and cattle back on to the land. Such measures help support SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production.
A number of property companies are going beyond traditional corporate responsibility to be net positive. Instead of opting for sustainability strategies that manage risk and reduce negative impacts, these companies are seeking to put back more into society, the environment and the global economy than they take out. Whilst the breadth and scope of these net positive commitments made by real estate leaders vary, there is enormous opportunity for this sector with sustainability and in supporting SDG 7 and 13.
Maize growing under plastic

Critics claim that maize can cause unwanted environmental impacts. But supporters of the crop are able to show how by use of cover crops it can be grown responsibly, reducing or eliminating, for example, nutrient leaching and soil erosion. In south-west England, a Wessex Water project is using cover crops to protect and improve drinking water quality by working with growers whose farms surround boreholes and reservoirs that supply water for human consumption. Steps like this can contribute to SDG 6 to ensure sustainable management of water and SDG 12 to ensure sustainable production.

A disproportionately greater HIV burden exists in sex workers than in the general population. This article examines the relationship between the impact of sex-work legislation and HIV prevalence in sex workers in 27 European countries, using an ecological regression analysis. The studied role of legalising some aspects of sex work, through fair enforcement, will inform and help improve sexual health across countries as part of SDGs 3.3 & 5.6.
LexisNexis Legal & Professional,

LexisNexis France, Lexis360, Collectivités Territoriales, 16 February 2017

In France the goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by 2050. To support this, there are ambitious targets for the development of photovoltaic energy: 500 MW of new installations per year at a constant rate. Following a consultation with the stakeholders from the photovoltaic sector, a new regulatory framework for solar energy, set out in this detailed practice note, has been implemented which provides two distinct mechanisms depending on the type of installation. Solar energy is critical to SDG 7.2 to increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.

Texte en français.
LexisNexis Legal & Professional,

LexisNexis France, Lexis360, Collectivités Territoriales, 13 February 2017

In France, the law on the development of wind farms has undergone major reform over the last few years aimed at easing regulation to remove existing barriers to the transition to a low carbon economy and to simplify financing. This practice note provides detailed guidance on the current regulations, as they apply to existing wind farms and to the development of new wind farms. Wind power is critical to SDG 7.2 to increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.

Texte en français.
This paper reviews the EU Circular Economy package and finds it will require stronger Life Cycle Thinking in product design as the concept is being transformed into legal requirements. It is concluded that suitable standards needs to be developed for different product categories in order to define how to measure compliance with the requirements. The development of a more circular economy supports SDG 12.
diversity-report-image
This paper explores the importance of a diverse workforce for the legal profession. City law firms are losing female talent because these careers have been unable to accommodate flexible working. Setting the business case for a diverse workforce and highlighting cost-effective resource options for law firms, this report helps to advance SDG 5 within the legal profession.
In the UK, gender pay gap reporting legislation will require large employers to publish their overall mean and median gender pay gaps from 2018. XpertHR highlights its useful tools including frequently asked questions relating to unequal pay, and legal guidance on the new legislation. The Regulations contribute to advancing SDG 10.4 to adopt policies, wage and social protection policies to progressively achieve greater equality.

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