Reduce inequality within and among countries

This article explores how lawyers can work together to increase social mobility and diversity within the legal profession. Julian Sayarer talks to Chris White, founder of Aspiring Solicitors, Chris Benn, lawyer at Kemp Little, Barry Matthews, an in-house lawyer with ITV, and Toby Hornett, legal director at Canon – Europe about the role in house teams play in promoting diversity and access, contributing to SDG 10, reduced inequalities.
The Government's scheme for individuals to apply for tribunal fees refunds has been rolled out to all applicants, after a "successful opening phase of the scheme". This reduces inequalities between richer and poorer employees and between richer companies and poorer employees contributing to SDG 10.
This paper examines the trends in famine over the last 150 years, with particular attention to the fusion of famine with forcible mass starvation. It identifies four main historic periods of famines, namely: the zenith of European colonialism; the extended World War; post-colonial totalitarianism; and post-Cold War humanitarian emergencies; and asks whether we may be entering a fifth period in which famines return in new guises. The paper explores structural causes of famine vulnerability, the overlapping but distinct causes of food crises and excess mortality in those crises, and the proximate triggers of famine. While noting that almost all famines have multiple causes, with no individual factor either necessary or sufficient, the paper focuses on the growing significance of political decision and military tactics in creating famine. It is an important review of the causes related to hunger and therefore to help advance SDG 2.
This paper extends the debate about redressing persistent gender inequality in Australia by examining the relationship between labour productivity and the wage gap in all states and territories (1986–2013). It is a critical case study as Australia’s widening gender wage gap is contrary to other developed nations. This article looks to address SDG 5 (gender equality) and SDG10 (reduced inequality).
SDG target 10.3 is concerned with eliminating discriminatory laws. In the UK, it has been successfully argued before an employment tribunal that a discrimination claim - thrown out during the fees regime because the claimant did not pay - should be revived. This sets a precedent for reducing inequalities based on the ability to pay.
Afghanistan has prioritised the achievement of universal health coverage, drawing attention to underserved groups such as people living with disabilities. This study analyses the progress of improving health care coverage for people with disabilities, between 2005 and 2013, using the indicators availability of health care, as well as perceived coverage of health needs. As part of SDG 3.8, this study helps shape policy for improving the provision of health care for people with disabilities.
West Africa has the highest proportion of married adolescents, and the highest adolescent childbearing rate and maternal death rate in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from 19 211 women across 13 west African countries, this survey-based study reports that while many adolescents use some antenatal care for their first birth, they seek care later, make fewer visits during pregnancy, and receive less comprehensive care than older first-time mothers.
In the UK, average income growth fell to just 0.7% in the year running up to the general election in June, research from think tank the Resolution Foundation has found. The data illustrates the challenges faced by target SDG 10.1 to progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average.
Reed Exhibitions,

World Travel Market, Responsible Tourism Blog, June 2017

Tourism, decent work and the SDGs
Tourism and hospitality are labour intensive, with 8% of the global workforce employed in the sector. The critique of employment conditions in the sector is deeply rooted, low remuneration, anti-social hours, insecurity, limited access to training and poor career progression are charges regularly levelled at the industry. The World Responsible Tourism Awards showcases many examples of companies choosing to have inclusive labour practices.
Participants of the GenderInSITE-Elsevier Foundation workshop in Buenos Aires (left to right): Louise Morley, María Bustelo, Eve Langelier, Judith Zubieta, Alice Abreu, Mary Murphy, Liisa Husu, Maxime Forest, Gloria Bonder, Rachel Palmen, Beatriz Macedo,
Gender InSITE is an international initiative to promote the role of women in science, innovation, technology and engineering - supporting the goal of SDG target 10, Reduced Inequalities. The Elsevier Foundation has been a long-time advisor and supporter of GenderInSITE, most recently providing a $40,000 grant for two thematic workshops in 2017: one addressing Latin America, exploring how a gender perspective in science education is indispensable to a sustainable development and the second in the South African region focusing on Gender and Innovation.

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