Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts


World Development, Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 173-187

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was set up in 2009 to help developing countries address climate change, however, it is confronted with the problem of insufficient financing. SDG 17 focuses on partnerships for the goals, which includes official development assistance. This paper explores several schemes for raising the public finance of the GCF among developed countries and therefore contributes to both goal 17 and 13.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 11-18

This article describes that by removing the organic solvents from the synthesis it is possible to reduce in about two orders of magnitude the emissions of CO2 in the production of the MOF material and also a reduction of one order of magnitude in the freshwater toxicity and resource depletion. The authors believe that this type of study can serve as an initial screen tool to assess the environmental performance of novel materials. Moreover, it can be used for establishing the necessity of recycling a given solvent or to find an alternative solvent that significantly reduces the environmental impact of novel materials.
An early warning scheme is proposed that runs ensembles of inferential models for predicting the cyanobacterial population dynamics and cyanotoxin concentrations in drinking water reservoirs. When the 10- to 30-day-ahead predicted concentrations of cyanobacteria cells or cyanotoxins exceed pre-defined limit values, an early warning automatically activates an action plan considering in-lake control. Implementing the proposed scheme for drinking water reservoirs enhances current water quality monitoring practices by solely utilising in situ monitoring data, in addition to cyanobacteria and cyanotoxin measurements. Access to routinely measured cyanotoxin data allows for development of models that predict explicitly cyanotoxin concentrations that avoid to inadvertently model and predict non-toxic cyanobacterial strains.
Two years on from what was a very optimistic COP 21 in Paris, the general sense of where we are now is less certain. While there is a lot still to be positive about – especially some renewable energy generating technologies becoming much cheaper, there is a different landscape with new geo-political challenges, not least the changing political Administration in the US. With these uncertainties as a backdrop to climate change in 2017, Elsevier has brought together 3 leading experts to help understand the challenges related to implementation of SDG 13 and where we should go from here. The speakers include Alice Larkin from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change, Roland Roesch from IRENA and Jenny Heeter from NREL. These speakers provide some contemporary context around the themes that we should be aware of, including progress on the latest Carbon reduction targets; importance of innovation within renewable energy sector; and how policy has a vital role to play.

Science Bulletin, Volume 61, Issue 23, December 2016, Pages 1833-1838

Future climate change is usually projected by coupled earth system models under specific emission scenarios designed by integrated assessment models (IAMs): this offline approach means there is no interaction between the coupled earth system models and the IAMs. This paper introduces a new method to design possible future emission scenarios and corresponding climate change, in which a simple economic and climate damage component is added to the coupled earth system model of Beijing Normal University (BNU-ESMs. Measuring future climate change is critical for reporting on progress on SDG 13 Climate action.
World Efficiency Solutions (WES) is the premier international meeting for the low-carbon and resource-efficient economy focussed on creating the low-carbon and resource-efficient market place. WES was first held in 2015 in Paris during COP21 negotiations, focusing on climate change solutions. World Efficiency develops a new environment consensus: economic and human activities must, to be sustainable, be redesigned to limit their impact on the environment while awareness of the planetary limits (climate change and resources scarcity) becomes widespread. A key objective for WES 2017 is to Identify new market opportunities aligned to the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (estimated market opportunities are larger than USD 12 trillion) and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change from 2015.
World Future Energy Summit (WFES) is the world's foremost global annual event dedicated to advancing future energy, energy efficiency and clean technology. World Future Energy Summit continues to set the agenda for a global discussion on the future of renewable energy, clean technology and sustainability. A platform for governments, corporate decision-makers, investors, entrepreneurs and opinion makers, World Future Energy Summit is an annual meeting place that promotes dialogue, fosters knowledge transfer and accelerates strategic decision making in the pursuit of viable solutions to the world's growing energy challenges.
Researchers from George Washington University report on a low energy process that can capture and convert CO2 emissions into a material that is both useful and valuable: carbon nanotube wool. The research relates to the SDGs 12 responsible consumption and 13 climate action.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 76, September 2017, Pages 72-80

Under SDG 7, there are targets to increase renewable energy sources that include biomass, hydroelectric, wind, solar and hydrothermal systems, are carbon-neutral, releasing relatively no emissions. This paper discusses the initiatives associated with the provision of renewable energy to the energy mix in Nigeria as an indication of the country’s commitment to adopt a sustainable development strategy in shaping the economy. The paper identifies social and political obstacles as the most significant roadblocks towards rapid implementation of a green economy through the deployment of renewable energy for sustainable development.
Bangladesh is one of the world's most vulnerable countries to climate change. This study combines environmental and human elements to assess socio-environmental outcomes. It examines the implications of climate change on poor communities dependent on fishing for their livelihoods, exploring the interconnectedness of SDG's 1,2, 14 and how they will be impacted by SDG 13.