One of the most important consequences of climate change could be its effects on agriculture and subsequent global food availability. This modelling study is the first quantitative analysis of the global health implications of dietary and weight changes in view of climate change and agricultural production. It estimates the excess mortality attributable to agriculturally mediated changes by cause of death for 155 world regions in the year 2050. Authors warn that climate change mitigation will be key to preventing climate-related deaths through food insecurity and thereby demonstrating the linkages between SDG 3 and SDG 13.
Food security is enshrined in SDG2 and is also a core component of the human development and capability paradigm, since food access and entitlements are critical for reinforcing essential human capabilities. This paper argues that agriculture is central to improving food security and reducing poverty in Africa, requiring rapid increases in land productivity and increases in agricultural yields. A science-based approach that integrates gender and sustainability is critical to design and implement policies that improve the availability of farm inputs and farm technology.
A study of the Massive Food Production Programme (MFPP) in South Africa shows that a focus on raising maize yields in small-scale farming environments did not result in a marked improvement in rural poverty or food security. This article presents results from a study of the MFPP in three villages in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. This article highlights the interconnection between SDG 1 - No Poverty and SDG 2 - Zero hunger and points to ways in which improvements in agriculture could have benefits on the livelihoods of the poorest small holder farmers.
Elsevier,

World Development, Volume 68, April 2015, Pages 180–204

As the post-MDG era approaches in 2016, reducing child undernutrition is gaining high priority on the international development agenda, both as a maker and marker of development. Revisiting Smith and Haddad (2000), we use data from 1970 to 2012 for 116 countries, finding that safe water access, sanitation, women’s education, gender equality, and the quantity and quality of food available in countries have been key drivers of past reductions in stunting. This article demonstrates that addressing SDGs 2, 4, 5 and 6 contributes to the advancement of SDG 3.
Elsevier,

World Development: Volume 66, February 2015, Pages 400-412

SDG 1 No Poverty and SDG 2 Zero Hunger are addressed in this article which provides, an analysis of the sustainability standards Fairtrade, Organic, and UTZ and their impact specifically on smallholder coffee farmers in Uganda. Only Fairtrade was found to have a positive effect on poverty. Poor African smallholders were found to be able to participate in high-value markets, but more research is needed in order to understand how standards and certification schemes can benefit developing countries better.
Elsevier,

Environmental Modelling & Software, December 2014, Pages 327 - 350

Agricultural systems models worldwide are increasingly being used to explore options and solutions for food security, climate change adaptation, and mitigation and carbon trading problem domains. Improvements to the Agricultural Production Systems sIMulator (APSIM) can contribute to advancing SDG 15 and minimising the adverse environmental effects of food production.
For economic development to succeed in Africa in the next 50 years, African agriculture will have to change beyond recognition. Production will have to increased alongside labour productivity, requiring a vast reduction in the proportion of the population engaged in agriculture and a large move out of rural areas.These changes directly contribute to the advancement of SDG 2 and 15 to increase food production in order to minimise hunger, with the help of sustainable methods of doing so to maintain functioning ecosystems.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 8, October 2014, Pages 15–22

Increasing smallscale agriculture is a must for sub-Saharan Africa. This intensification provides a component for producing more food to support the growing population in this area and means reaching SDG target 2.3 to increase incomes of food producers, in particular women, indigenous people and family farmers.

Elsevier,

Global Environmental Change, Volume 28, September 2014, Pages 383–394

To overcome the challenges relating to food security, this report covers explorative scenarios with stakeholders from different sectors at the regional level in East Africa. Feasibility and long-term sustainability could be ensured by having decision makers own the process and focusing on developing strategic planning capacity within their home organizations, which enables the reach of SDG 2 and 15 as it promotes the production of sustainable agriculture while maintaining thriving ecosystems.
Elsevier,

Food Policy, Volume 47, August 2014, Pages 117–128

The objective of this study is to explore empirical evidence on the quantitative importance of supply, demand, and market shocks for price changes in international food commodity markets. This article supports SDG 2 and in particular the fair functioning of international food markets.

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