SDG 3 is concerned with ensuring healthy-lives and wellbeing for all at all ages. Disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) is a summary measure of population health based on estimates of premature mortality and non-fatal health loss. This article examines national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015 and shows that since 1990, overall health has improved in most countries, with particularly large gains occurring in the past 10 years, but more years of functional health have been lost. This research can help prioritise research and development and monitor progress towards the SDGs.
The Lancet, September 2016
This commentary says that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been called “senseless, dreamy, garbled,” given that they include 17 goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators, in contrast to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that focused on eight goals, 18 targets, and 48 indicators. But the Global Burden of Disease study proves that the SDGs are measurable and attainable in 188 countries, it argues.
Employers should address rising stress and mental health risk through collaboration between internal departments and insurance providers. A dedicated employee risk manager is part of the solution, argues Andrew Woolnough, value propositions director at Willis Employee Benefits. Companies have an important role to play in advancing SDG 3.4 to promote mental health and well-being.
Research Intelligence, August 2016
With this report, Elsevier aims to benchmark and map out the global landscape of cancer research to provide helpful new insights. Along with other materials, this benchmark report will offer the research community, pubic, policymakers and research funding organizations information on the current state of cancer related research. We hope this report will be used to inform the development of new operational approaches, priorities, policies and funding strategies to produce new knowledge that will address key challenges related to cancer in the most effective, efficient and impactful way possible.
Accurate estimation of the global burden of HIV is essential for tracking the progress toward achieving one of the key components of SDG3.3: to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. This study uses the well-established Global Burden of Disease Study methods to estimate the impact of HIV on health in 2015. Not only do these findings provide insight into where the greatest gains are to be made, but also the discrepancies with other estimates emphasise the importance of accurate and reliable accounting.
World Development Perspectives: Volume 2, 2016, Pages 25-33
This study focuses on the how human displacement of the Sahariya - indigenous tribal conservation refugees in central India - has affected their mental health, supporting knowledge on SDG 3 Good health and wellbeing. Factors examined include food and water (in)security and poverty. The loss of homeland and relocation programmes is seen as detrimental to mental health.
Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013), this article reports the past, present, and anticipated burden of disease in young people aged 10–24 years from 1990 to 2013 using data on mortality, disability, injuries, and health risk factors. It shows that injuries, mental health disorders, and sexual and reproductive health problems are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in young people. Understanding young people's health will be important to the achievement of SDG 3 targets.
One of the most important consequences of climate change could be its effects on agriculture and subsequent global food availability. This modelling study is the first quantitative analysis of the global health implications of dietary and weight changes in view of climate change and agricultural production. It estimates the excess mortality attributable to agriculturally mediated changes by cause of death for 155 world regions in the year 2050. Authors warn that climate change mitigation will be key to preventing climate-related deaths through food insecurity and thereby demonstrating the linkages between SDG 3 and SDG 13.
The Countdown to 2015 for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Survival initiative was launched in 2005 to monitor coverage of priority interventions to achieve the Millennium Development Goal for reduction of maternal and child mortality. In this Review, authors take stock of progress made over the past 15 years and highlight lessons that can be learned from the Countdown initiative to inform global monitoring and accountability in the era of the Sustainable Development Goals, with a focus on SDG 3.
Physical inactivity kills more than 5 million people every year through its effects on multiple non-communicable diseases. As such, design of urban environments has the potential to contribute substantially to physical activity. This article documents how attributes of the urban environment are related to physical activity in an international sample of adults. The findings add strength to previous calls for policy changes in the urban planning, transport, and parks and recreation sectors to reduce the health burden of the global physical inactivity pandemic, directly supporting SDG 11 target 7.