Climate change

Studies of waste-to-energy systems have applied a varying range of indicators to assess their sustainability. Through a literature review, this research aims to develop a framework of sustainability indicators that can serve as a reference for future research in waste-to-energy systems. Utilising this framework could helpd to advance SDG 7.2 to increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
Effective implementation of rules on reduced emission from avoided deforestation and forest degradation (REDD +) depends on the compatibility between these rules and existing sectoral policies associated with forests. These authors examine the coherence between REDD + polices and Kenyan policies. They find that coherence is impaired by lack of cross-sectorial consultations on REDD + and that a lack of coherence at the national level creates conflicts at the local level. Cross-sectorial consultative framework is therefore a prerequisite for policy coherence. This paper addresses SDGs 13, 15 and 16.
The internal combustion engine does not efficiently convert chemical energy into mechanical energy and most of the energy is lost as heat. This paper discusses promising technologies for passive waste heat recovery system, addressing SDGs 9,12 and 13.
Recent research on CO2 capture is focusing on the optimization of CO2 absorption using amines (mainly monoethanolamine—MEA) in order to minimize the energy consumption of this very energy-intensive process and improve the absorption efficiency. This paper provides an overview of the main implications of using MEA for CO2 capture together with the latest advances in research to improve the conventional absorption process. The use of other solvents and/or technology, as well as their advantages and disadvantages will also be briefly provided. This is relevant for SDGs 9,12 and 13.
Elsevier,

Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 156, Part 2, 17 December 2015, Pages 856-860

Forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) have received extensive attention during the last decade as emerging technologies for water reuse and seawater desalination, and power generation, respectively. This review summarizes what has been learned in the last decade and shares the authors understanding and perspectives on FO and PRO technologies for clean water and clean energy production (SDGs 6 and 7).
Elsevier,

Sustainable Cities and Society, Volume 19, December 2015, Pages 200-206

The growth in the world's population has both created and increased the size of existing mega cities. The raised temperatures of these cities, known as urban heat islands, contribute to increased pollution and health-related problems. SDG 11 aims to target urban populations - making their lives healthier and cities more sustainable. The studies of mitigation strategies in this article reveal areas of weakness in modeling designs and prediction stages to advance knowledge on SDG 11 and SDG 3.
The Climate Change supplement to the 'Sustainability Science in a Global Landscape' report provides analysis of the top trends in a shifting research landscape in relation to climate change. Understanding the sustainability research environment is critical to advancing SDG 13.2 to integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning.
Reed Exhibitions,

World Efficiency Solutions - La Galerie des Solutions, 9 December 2015

The Business Case for Carbon Neutral Cities session was hosted by UNEP and Sustainable Energy for All in collaboration with the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Swedish Trade and Invest Council and Empower, the largest district cooling operator in the world. Held at La Galerie des Solutions (by World Efficiency Solutions), an exhibition of climate solutions, that took place during the COP21, in immediate proximity to the negotiations zone.
Emerging technologies in the domain of solid-state physics have been investigated as serious alternatives for future refrigeration, heat pumping, air conditioning, or even power generation applications. This paper discusses some new technologies, which represent a potential for improvements in energy efficiency, compactness, noise level, as well as a reduction in environmental impacts related to SDGs 7, 12 and 13.
Human health is better now than at any time in history, but these gains have come at a high price: the degradation of nature’s ecological systems on a scale never seen in human history. A growing body of evidence shows that the health of humanity is intrinsically linked to the health of the environment, but by its actions humanity now threatens to destabilise the Earth’s key life-support systems. As a Commission, we conclude that the continuing degradation of natural systems threatens to reverse the health gains seen over the last century. The SDGs provide a great opportunity to integrate health and sustainability through the judicious selection of relevant indicators relevant to human wellbeing, the enabling infrastructure for development, and the supporting natural systems, together with the need for strong governance.

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