Health and population

West Africa has the highest proportion of married adolescents, and the highest adolescent childbearing rate and maternal death rate in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from 19 211 women across 13 west African countries, this survey-based study reports that while many adolescents use some antenatal care for their first birth, they seek care later, make fewer visits during pregnancy, and receive less comprehensive care than older first-time mothers.
This Practice Note from LexisPSL explains when environmental impact assessments (EIA) are required in the UK; the EIA procedure; the relationship between EIA and planning applications; the Rochdale Envelope; challenging an EIA decision and the court’s discretion to quash; EIA for nationally significant infrastructure projects; and upcoming amendments to the EIA process. EIAs advance SDG 11.3 to enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries.
To mark US Independence Day 2017, LexisNexis Legal & Professional has released new data for 98 countries indicating that the stronger a country’s rule of law, the greater it performs against measures of life expectancy, civil liberty, and happiness. This helps to demonstrate how SDG 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions underpins all of the SDGs.
Maternal mortality remains a major health challenge facing developing countries, with pre-eclampsia accounting for up to 17% of maternal deaths. Diagnosis requires skilled health providers and devices that are appropriate for low-resource settings. This study presents the first cost-effectiveness analysis of multiple medical devices used to diagnose pre-eclampsia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
Elsevier,

Vaccine, Volume 35, Issue 23, 2017, Pages 3135-3142

Thermostable vaccines can relieve bottlenecks in vaccine supply chains and therefore contribute to SDG 3 target 8 and 3B. The question remains whether benefits would outweigh the additional costs. Computational modeling quantified economic impact of making vaccines thermostable. Thermostable formulations were highly cost-effective or cost-effective in most scenarios explored. Medical costs and productivity savings outweighed significant price premiums.
The winners of the 2017 Elsevier Foundation Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge are first-prize winner (at right) Dênis Pires de Lima, PhD, a professor at Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and runner-up Chioma Blaise Chikere, PhD, a
"The Elsevier Foundation is encouraging innovation and enhancing scientific research through its Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge. This open competition aims to encourage green and sustainable chemistry solutions to tackle some of the biggest sustainability challenges, whether in water, energy or sanitation and directly supports SDG 9 target 5 by encouraging innovation, in particular in developing countries. The winner of the 2017 Challenge is developing low-cost and sustainable insecticides with the aim of reducing mosquito-related diseases such as Dengue Fever."
This collection of articles from the Editors of Environment International Journal explore the impact of climate change on health. The collection demonstrates the interconnectedness of SDG 13 and SDG 3. Understanding the changes and associated impact allows us to develop appropriate adaptive policies and practices to respond to climate-sensitive health risks.
Field trial visit to the Center of Excellence for Rice in Malaysia, left to right: Shahrizal Abdul, Rob van Daalen, Raudhah Talib, Dr. Suzana Yusup, Noor Hafizah Ramli and Abu Bakar Ahmad.
The winner of the first ever Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge, Dr Suzana Yusup, invited Rob van Daalen (publisher Chemistry and initiator of the Challenge) to make a site visit to see the progress of her project "Biopesticide for Improvement of Paddy Yield". The visit made clear that the Elsevier sustainability program and specifically this challenge have a positive impact on health, environment and society in local communities in Malaysia, enhancing efforts to advance SDGs 1, 6, 12 and 15.
Elsevier,

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, Volume 46, Issue 3, May–June 2017, Pages e56-e64

SDG 3 includes the target 3.1: is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030. In this article, the authors describe the global factors that contribute to maternal mortality rates, outcomes of the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals, and the new, related Sustainable Development Goals. Implications for clinical practice, health care systems, research, and health policy are provided.
Prince Harry
With so many adults living with a serious mental health impairment, it is important to create a good mental health work environment for employees. This article examines how mental health issues can impact the workplace. The goal of SDG target 3.4 is to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.

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