Sustainable consumption and production

Human health is better now than at any time in history, but these gains have come at a high price: the degradation of nature’s ecological systems on a scale never seen in human history. A growing body of evidence shows that the health of humanity is intrinsically linked to the health of the environment, but by its actions humanity now threatens to destabilise the Earth’s key life-support systems. As a Commission, we conclude that the continuing degradation of natural systems threatens to reverse the health gains seen over the last century. The SDGs provide a great opportunity to integrate health and sustainability through the judicious selection of relevant indicators relevant to human wellbeing, the enabling infrastructure for development, and the supporting natural systems, together with the need for strong governance.

World Development: Volume 66, February 2015, Pages 400-412

SDG 1 No Poverty and SDG 2 Zero Hunger are addressed in this article which provides, an analysis of the sustainability standards Fairtrade, Organic, and UTZ and their impact specifically on smallholder coffee farmers in Uganda. Only Fairtrade was found to have a positive effect on poverty. Poor African smallholders were found to be able to participate in high-value markets, but more research is needed in order to understand how standards and certification schemes can benefit developing countries better.

Food Policy, Volume 47, August 2014, Pages 117–128

The objective of this study is to explore empirical evidence on the quantitative importance of supply, demand, and market shocks for price changes in international food commodity markets. This article supports SDG 2 and in particular the fair functioning of international food markets.

Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 77, 2014, Pages 94-104

Total Site Heat Integration (THSI) offers potential to increase energy savings and efficiency. THSI is important to industry since it will help the optimisation of steam and water losses in utility systems to efficiently support utilities consumption in process industry. The article explains the use of extended total site problem table algorithm as a systematic numerical approach to calculate the sensible heat to meet the total site utility requirements. The work supports the SDG 12: Ensure Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns; SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure for Sustainable Industrilisation; and SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 1, 2014, Pages 2-7

Currently lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries used in significant numbers in vehicles are designed to last the life of the vehicle. They will not reach their end-of-life for another 10 years. This paper examines how the model used to recycle lead-acid batteries could be applied to Li-ion batteries and ensure steps are put in place so that the economical and sustainable benefits can be achieved at the end of its useful life. This addresses SDG 12, in particular waste reduction and reuse.