Advances in Life Course Research, Volume , 2021

How does your background affect the possibility of education and employment? Young mothers in Australia have substantially higher labor market precarity than non-mothers, already prior to giving birth.

Trends in Cancer, Volume , 2021

The New York Genome Center (NYGC) recently established Polyethnic-1000 (P-1000), a multi-institutional collaboration to study hereditary factors affecting several types of cancer.

Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 64, January 2021

Global social and economic changes, alongside climate change, are affecting the operating environment for agriculture, leading to efforts to increase production and yields, typically through the use of agrochemicals like pesticides and fertilizers, expanded irrigation, and changes in seed varieties. Intensification, alongside the expansion of agriculture into new areas, has increased harvest, but has also had numerous well-known impacts on the environment, ultimately resulting in a loss of resilience and lack of sustainability in agro-ecosystems.


Trends in Food Science and Technology, Volume 107, January 2021

Background: Today's meat and dairy industry has a vast environmental footprint. To reach the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) of ending hunger globally (SDG #2) and achieving sustainable consumption and production (SDG #12), this food production system needs to change. Recent years have seen the rise in popularity of the vegan or plant-based diet among consumers, which can go some way to reducing the environmental burden.

Elsevier, Cities, Volume 108, January 2021
Cities have a significant influence on people's mental and physical health. City planning has the potential to change behaviors and incentivize a healthier lifestyle through the provision of public goods and urban infrastructure. The bulk of the evidence correlating city configuration and population health comes mostly from cities in the global north, with little evidence from cities in developing countries. This analysis seeks to contribute to bridging this evidence gap.
Elsevier, Transportation Research Procedia, Volume 55, 2021
The article deals with the issue of transport of people with disabilities, specifically by rail. It analyzes the representation of these people from a demographic point of view. From the point of view of transport technology, the subject of research is the inclusion of a specialized car for the passengers with reduced mobility in train sets. With the help of a questionnaire survey, it focuses on shortcomings subjectively perceived by passengers. These data are the basis for the proposal, which is then evaluated financially.
Elsevier, Women and Birth, Volume , 2021
Problem: Some continuous electronic fetal monitoring (CEFM) devices restrict women's bodily autonomy by limiting their mobility in labour and birth. Background: Little is known about how midwives perceive the impact of CEFM technologies on their practice. Aim: This paper explores the way different fetal monitoring technologies influence the work of midwives. Methods: Wireless and beltless ‘non-invasive fetal electrocardiogram’ (NIFECG) was trialled on 110 labouring women in an Australian maternity hospital.
Elsevier, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Volume , 2021
Perceived discrimination, intergroup contact and acceptance are often encountered during acculturation processes. Based on large-scale survey data collected in the Netherlands among Antillean-Dutch, Moroccan-Dutch, Surinamese-Dutch, and Turkish-Dutch immigrant groups, relations were tested between acculturation antecedents (perceived discrimination, intergroup contact, and perceived acceptance), mediating conditions (cultural maintenance and cultural adoption), and acculturation outcomes (psychological and sociocultural outcomes).
Elsevier, Urology, Volume , 2021
Disparities in urology are well-documented but less is known about the role of translational research within existing interventional models to address inequalities. In this narrative review, we utilize an accepted framework of the process of translational research in mitigating disparities to investigate current translational and interventional urologic programs that bridge the gap. Three established, disparity-focused urologic interventional programs were identified and are highlighted in depth.

Med, Volume 2, 15 January 2021

Despite the centrality of skin in the field, dermatology remains among the least racially diverse specialties in American medicine. In fact, even the main textbooks used in educating dermatologists lack adequate representation of clinical images of disease in people with skin of color.