Articles

Elsevier, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 70, 1 April 2017
Equality between economic progress and environmental sustainability is essential for a developing country like India. In the present time, the economy of India is growing rapidly in a vibrant mode and an efficient way, which in turn demands huge uninterrupted energy supplies. The country's energy needs are met mostly by the usage of fossil fuels and nearly 70% of electricity is generated from coal based power plants. In India, nearly 840 million people depend on traditional biomass to satisfy their energy necessities.
Elsevier, Midwifery, Volume 47, 1 April 2017
Objectives malaria causes complications during 80% of all pregnancies in Uganda. However, only 48% of Ugandan pregnant women took one dose of intermittent preventive therapy while merely 27% took the second dose during 2011. This study investigated midwives’ provision of anti-malaria services in the Buikwe District of Uganda. Design a quantitative exploratory descriptive design was used. Setting prenatal clinics (n=16) in the Buikwe District of Uganda Respondents questionnaires were completed by 40 (out of a population of 45) midwives.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 1, April 2017
Background The availability of freshwater for irrigation in the Indian agricultural sector is expected to decline over the coming decades. This might have implications for food production in India, with subsequent effects on diets and health. We identify realistic and healthy dietary changes that could enhance the resilience of the Indian food system to future decreases in water availability.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 1, April 2017
Background Information about the global structure of agriculture and nutrient production and its diversity is essential to improve present understanding of national food production patterns, agricultural livelihoods, and food chains, and their linkages to land use and their associated ecosystems services. Here we provide a plausible breakdown of global agricultural and nutrient production by farm size, and also study the associations between farm size, agricultural diversity, and nutrient production.
Elsevier, Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 4, 1 April 2017
Chalcopyrite semiconductors are used in thin film solar cells with the highest efficiencies, in particular for flexible solar cells. Recent progress has been made possible by an alkali postdeposition treatment. Other important trends are the development of tandem cells and of ultrathin solar cells. Recent progress has forwarded the understanding of off-stoichiometry and of bulk defects in these materials.
Elsevier, Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 4, 1 April 2017
Metal-halide perovskite semiconductors are certainly one of the hottest topic in solar energy conversion. Optimization of both the absorber material and device architecture has led to an astoundingly rapid increase in the reported device efficiencies. Initially developed in the context of dye-sensitized solar cell research, metal-halide perovskite devices now reach efficiency values and hence need to be compared to more conventional photovoltaic technologies such as silicon, copper indium gallium diselenide and cadmium telluride.
Elsevier, The Lancet HIV, Volume 4, 1 April 2017
Background The burden of HIV in transgender women (transwomen) in Brazil remains unknown. We aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among transwomen in Rio de Janeiro and to identify predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections. Methods We recruited transwomen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by respondent-driven sampling. Eligibility criteria were self-identification as transwomen, being 18 years of age or older, living in Rio de Janeiro or its metropolitan area, and having a valid peer recruitment coupon.
Elsevier,

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 70, 1 April 2017

This literature review identifies the impacts of different renewable energy pathways on ecosystems and biodiversity, and the implications of these impacts for transitioning to a Green Economy. While the higher penetration of renewable energy is currently the backbone of Green Economy efforts, an emerging body of literature demonstrates that the renewable energy sector can affect ecosystems and biodiversity.

Pages