Articles

Elsevier,

The Lancet HIV, Volume 10, August 2023

This Article supports SDG 3 by showing that men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa remain highly vulnerable to HIV acquisition and HIV-related mortality and morbidity, undermining the Global AIDS Strategy to end AIDS; realising the UNAIDS 95-95-95 targets and reducing disparities in HIV incidence requires urgent efforts to strengthen community-led prevention efforts.
Choropleth map displaying HIV Prevalence spread across Nigeria.
Elsevier,

eClinicalMedicine, Volume 62, August 2023

Population-based surveys are expensive and time consuming. By determining state-level seropositivity using national testing service data and a Bayesian linear model, a map of HIV prevalence was generated across the whole of Nigeria. By identifying the areas in which HIV is most prevalent interventions can be targeted. This less resource intense Bayseian method allows for national monitoring of HIV prevalence.
Elsevier,

Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Volume 123, August 2023

Using brain tissue from donors with Alzheimer's disease, Anderson et al. identify new links between gene regulation and disease. These regulators could represent future clinical targets or disease markers for Alzheimer's diagnosis and treatment.
Elsevier,

Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 204, 1 August 2023

In vivo triple transgenic AD mouse model brains and retinas showed hypoxic vessels expressing hypoxyprobe and HIF-1α. In in vitro OGD-treated endothelial cells, HIF-1α upregulated NADPH oxidase (NOX) (i.e., Nox2, Nox4). NLRP1 protein was promoted by OGD, and such effect was blocked by downregulation of Nox4 and HIF-1α. Hypoxic endothelial cells of AD brains and retinas markedly expressed NLRP1, ASC, caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Chronic hypoxia in microvascular endothelial cells leads to HIF-1α-NLRP1 circuit in AD.
Elsevier,

Redox Biology, Volume 64, August 2023

This study observes that oxidative dame in Alzheimer's Diseases is a pathogenic mechanism at the cell-tissue level.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia, Volume 15, August 2023

The short comment supports SDGs 12 and 13 and advocates the concept of LIFE that focusses on an individual's responsibility to utilise resources mindfully and contribute their share to saving the planet. This concept was introduced by the Indian government at COP 26
Elsevier,

Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 38, August 2023

This work highlights what we know about climate change impacts that have happened and discuss future directions for research. It supports SDG 13 and 14.
Elsevier,

Cold Regions Science and Technology, Volume 212, August 2023

This study supports SDGs 9 and 15. The permafrost on the Tibetan Plateau has been significantly degraded becuase of global warming. This article assessed the future stability of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.
Hands under water tap
RELX,

Press Release

RELX Environmental Challenge 2023: five shortlisted projects to bring safe water and sanitation to communities around the world

Elsevier,

Cell Reports Physical Science, Volume 4, 16 August 2023

The demand for solar energy as a clean way to power human lives is increasing, but solar panels are land-intensive and may compete for space with farms. In this article, the authors examine how agrivoltaics (combining farming and solar technologies) can provide synergistic benefits together rather than in isolation, showing positive benefits in climate mitigation, climate resilience, and land equivalent ratios. This contributes to SDGs 2 (ensuring the promotion of sustainable agriculture), 7 (harnessing sunlight to power society), and 13 (agrivoltaics as a way to combat climate change).

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