The atmosphere, the envelope of gases surrounding Earth, plays a vital role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The health of our atmosphere is directly addressed by SDG 13 (Climate Action), which seeks to combat climate change and its impacts, largely driven by greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. It also ties to SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), as air quality directly influences human health, and SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), which encourages improvements in urban air quality. The atmosphere also plays a crucial role in SDGs 14 and 15 (Life Below Water and Life on Land), as changes in atmospheric conditions can influence weather patterns and harm biodiversity. Hence, maintaining atmospheric health is indispensable for sustainable development.

Phthalates are used in plastic production to make plastic products more durable, but they can reliease toxic pollutants via airborne that cause varios metabolic disorders. This research article evaluates the potential health benefits in terms of reducing metabolic disorders (e.g. diabetes & obesity) via strengthening the standards on the use of phthalates in China, the world's leading markets of phthalates.

Background: Individuals with COPD have increased sensitivity to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) such as diesel exhaust (DE), but little is known about the acute effects of TRAP on exercise responses in COPD. Research Question: Does exposure before exercise to TRAP (DE titrated to 300 μg/m3 particulate matter < 2.5 μm in diameter [DE300]) show greater adverse effects on exercise endurance, exertional dyspnea, and cardiorespiratory responses to exercise in participants with mild to moderate COPD compared with former smokers with normal spirometry and healthy control participants?

Background: Numerous studies have quantified the associations between ambient temperature and enteric infections, particularly all-cause enteric infections. However, the temperature sensitivity of enteric infections might be pathogen dependent. Here, we sought to identify pathogen-specific associations between ambient temperature and enteric infections.

An Article in support of SDGs 3, 7, and 13, showing that adopting strict climate policies (the 1·5°C and 2°C targets) and strengthening clean-air policies could achieve major improvements in air quality and substantially reduce the human health effects from air pollution in China.
In this paper, the authors assess the impact of degrading air quality on modal shares and equivalent CO2 emissions per capita per trip for ten global cities using a scenario-based approach.

Ecosystem-Based Adaptation: Approaches to Sustainable Management of Aquatic Resources, 2022, pp 39-104

This chapter advances SDG goal 13 by focusing on the drivers behind global warming and climate change.
Map of study areas with changes in annual mean of PM2·5 from 2014 to 2017
Background: Air pollution might accelerate cognitive ageing; it is unclear whether large-scale interventions, such as China's Clean Air Act (CCAA), can mitigate cognitive deterioration. We aimed to evaluate the effect of CCAA on changes in cognitive function in older adults. Methods: In this population-based, quasi-experimental study, we did a difference-in-differences analysis of the data collected during the 2014 and 2018 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). The study design used a counterfactual analysis feature by dividing CLHLS participants into two groups.
Background: Combustion-related nitrogen dioxide (NO2) air pollution is associated with paediatric asthma incidence. We aimed to estimate global surface NO2 concentrations consistent with the Global Burden of Disease study for 1990–2019 at a 1 km resolution, and the concentrations and attributable paediatric asthma incidence trends in 13 189 cities from 2000 to 2019.
Perceived causes for chronic respiratory symptoms
Background: Effectiveness of health programmes can be undermined when the implementation misaligns with local beliefs and behaviours. To design context-driven implementation strategies, we explored beliefs and behaviours regarding chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in diverse low-resource settings. Methods: This observational mixed-method study was conducted in Africa (Uganda), Asia (Kyrgyzstan and Vietnam) and Europe (rural Greece and a Roma camp). We systematically mapped beliefs and behaviours using the SETTING-tool.
This Article supports SDG 3 by highlighting the importance of addressing risk factors such as child wasting, smoking, ambient particulate matter pollution, and household air pollution, to reduce the mortality rate and health disparities due to lower respiratory infections.