Desertification, land degradation and drought

Elsevier,

The Lancet, Volume 398, 9 October 2021

This Comment launches the São Paulo Declaration on Planetary Health, a global call to action from the planetary health community charting a path forward to support a more equitable and resilient post-pandemic world.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

This study looks into impacts caused by forest degradation and disturbance in the Amazon, which diminish carbon storage and erode ecological integrity, on the vitality of Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs) and Protected Natural Areas (PNAs).
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

This study looks into how droughts are significant climatic drivers of land degradation and affect land degradation-migration dynamics within a larger context of multi-scale interactions of socio-economic, political, demographic, and environmental processes. The study also assesses methods used to identify, measure, and understand migration related to land degradation. In addition to the main SDGs this article is indirectly related to SDG 1 (No Poverty).
Land and ecosystem degradation increase the risks of loss and damage during droughts, whereas well-adapted human practices and policies can enable society to (re)build resilience. A review of land and ecosystem degradation in Africa highlights opportunities for proactive planning and policies and actions needed to connect and fill gaps in the present systems. In addition to the main SDGs, this article is indirectly related to SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production).
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

The study finds that the area of salt-affected soils is gradually increasing due to the influence of climate change; soil salinity tends to increase with increase in sea level intrusion and temperature, decrease in precipitation and improper irrigation management. There is an enormous scope for research on the correlation between climate change and soil salinity drivers at global and regional scale. In addition to the main SDGs, this article is indirectly related to SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and SDG 14 (Life Below Water).
This paper assesses the impact of geodiversity on biodiversity focusing on the relevance of patch- to hillslope-scale geodiversity for the slow-onset effects of climate change, including land and forest degradation, biodiversity loss and desertification. It also argues that geodiversity fits the concept of biodiversity hotspots, ecological niches and climatic refugee and that human-made geodiversity may either restore or degrade ecosystem functioning.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

This paper covers an extensive research on the process of soil salinization in the last few decades in the area of Vojvodina (Serbia), including qualitative and quantitative composition of salt in various systematic soil units. This article is directly related to SDG 6 and SDG 15, and is indirectly related to SDG 13.
Land and forest degradation and desertification (LFDD) are a driver of human displacement and have implications for long-term development policy. The study finds that, in Latin American and Caribbean countries, the linkages between LFDD and human mobility are poorly acknowledged in their climate and desertification policy frameworks. In addition to the main SDGs this article is indirectly related to SDG 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions).
Mangrove-dominated estuaries host a diverse microbial assemblage that facilitates nutrient and carbon conversions and could play a vital role in maintaining ecosystem health. In this study, we used 16S rRNA gene analysis, metabolic inference, nutrient concentrations, and δ C and δ N isotopes to evaluate the impact of land use change on near-shore biogeochemical cycles and microbial community structures within mangrove-dominated estuaries.
The 2020 report of the Lancet Countdown on health and climate change tracks gives the latest data from 43 indicators across five sections: climate change impacts, exposures, and vulnerabilities; adaptation, planning, and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co-benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement.

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