Reduce inequality within and among countries

December 3rd is the International Day of People With Disabilities (IDPWD).

Violence against women and girls is one of the most widespread violations of human rights. Global estimates published by WHO indicate that about 1 in 3 (35%) of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. Since 1981, Women's rights activists have observed November 25th as a day against gender-based violence. To mark this event, Elsevier presents a curated, open access collection of 52 journal articles and book chapters to highlight to the urgent need to end violence against women and girls.
Contributing to SDGs 3, 5 and 10, this article examines how COVID-19 lockdowns have presented substantial risks to the wellbeing of women, particularly through economic inequality and exposure to intimate partner violence.

Active Above-Knee Prosthesis, A Guide to a Smart Prosthetic Leg, 2020, Pages 1-17

During the last decade, there has been both academic and industry interest in devising technologically advanced solutions for the improvement of mobility of people with a lower-limb amputation. This is due to the increased number of lower-limb amputees and the fact that the majority of current prosthetic solutions are energetically passive devices that are unable to restore full mobility to lower-limb amputees. This book chapter addresses SDG 10 by focusing specifically on lower limb prosthetics for amputees.
World Mental Health Day, a programme of the World Federation for Mental Health, has been observed on October 10th since 1992. Quality, accessible primary health care is the foundation for universal health coverage and is urgently required as the world grapples with the current health emergency. To mark World Mental Health Day 2020, Elsevier presents a curated, open access collection of 25 journal articles and book chapters focused on making mental health a reality for everyone, everywhere.

Current Opinion in Insect Science, Volume 40, 2020, Pages v-ix, ISSN 2214-5745,

In this editorial overview, we provide mini-reviews of insects' utility to achieve the SDGs, taking examples from both temperate and tropical countries.

Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 18, September 2020, 100913

Transport, a well-recognised determinant of health, is particularly salient to well-being and equitable health outcomes amongst older people and people living with disabilities living in low-and middle-income countries. Contributing to SDGs 3, 10 and 11, this study explores the facilitators and barriers for safe and accessible transportation from the perspectives of older people and those living with disabilities in Sri Lanka.
The article examines the way in which artificial intelligence based decision making technologies assess individuals within society to reach a decision. These tools often have elements embedded within them which result in a decision which is disadvantageous to groups who have historically experienced discrimination, disadvantage, disempowerment and marginalisation including (but not limited to) people with disabilities. Contributing to SDGs 3, 4, 9, 10 and 16, the authors recommend that legislature should respond accordingly by identifying contexts in which it is mandatory to employ human decision-makers and by enacting the relevant legislation.
Passengers requiring special assistance are one of the fastest growing passenger segments worldwide. However there is no set of global standards for disabled air passenger rights. Contributing to SDGs 3 and 10, this article discusses the implications for consumers, airlines and airport operators.