This Article addresses SDGs 2, 3, and 10 by mapping stunting prevalence in children younger than 5 years in Ghana. The modelling study found substantial geographical variations in the prevalence of childhood stunting, ranging from 4.2% to 45.1% across Ghana. The study developed interactive, web-based prevalence maps, which can be used to target public health interventions and research in resource-limited settings. Estimates of exceedance probabilities were developed to be used with the maps so that users can identify areas where predicted prevalence is likely to exceed allowable thresholds.
This article addresses SDGs 3, 4, and 10 by quantifying the transgenerational importance of education for child survival, showing that lower maternal and paternal education are both risk factors for infant and child mortality. This comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of data on 3,112,474 livebirths, from 92 countries, shows a strong association between increased parental education and lower childhood mortality (up to age 5 years). These findings provide a strong rationale to further promote efforts to provide universal quality education at all levels, tackle socioeconomic inequalities in health, and improve the health of future generations.
Skin diseases that cause chronic pruritus can have negative effects on a patient's quality of life. This study evaluates the associations between chronic pruritus and psychological conditions including insomnia and depression.
The global consumer sentiment is shifting towards food safety and nutrition. People prefer minimally and non-thermally processed food since thermal processing leads to the loss of nutritional value of food. Ultrasonic processing is known as a green and non-thermal processing technology. The article reports on ultrasonic processing of dairy products to enhance their functional and nutritional properties.
This study aims to identify issues in patient flow on mental health units and align them with potential AI solutions, ultimately devising a model for their integration at service level. Recommendations were formulated for NHS trusts open to adopting AI patient flow enhancements.
The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and insomnia symptoms among healthcare workers and the factors related to these mental health issues.
The stress of the pandemic has severely impacted the mental health of preschool children - having a structured and predictable home environment helps to mitigate these adverse effects.
This article addresses SDG 3 and 10 by estimating the proportion of adults with diabetes in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) who receive comprehensive diabetes treatment as recommended by WHO. The analyses showed that fewer than one in ten people with diabetes receive full treatment coverage in LMICs, and that several individual-level characteristics were also associated with poorer access to treatment.
In this study, lactoferrin in CSF and saliva was investigated as a diagnostic biomarker for AD and other neurodegenerative dementias in a consecutive, mixed memory clinic cohort.