This article reports the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD) assessment of mortality and causes of death, which provides new and robust evidence on the patterns and levels of mortality worldwide, expanding on previous analyses by further investigating the main determinants of epidemiological patterns and trends across geographies and over time. The comparison of estimates of observed mortality levels with patterns expected based on socio-demographic indices provides an in-depth understanding of national health challenges and priority areas for intervention, including in addressing the targets in support of good health and wellbeing.
This articles addresses SDG 3 by showing that non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. This article estimates the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015.
SDG 3 is concerned with ensuring healthy-lives and wellbeing for all at all ages. Disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) is a summary measure of population health based on estimates of premature mortality and non-fatal health loss. This article examines national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015 and shows that since 1990, overall health has improved in most countries, with particularly large gains occurring in the past 10 years, but more years of functional health have been lost. This research can help prioritise research and development and monitor progress towards the SDGs.
This article reports the most recent assessment of the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors and says that reductions in exposure have been key drivers of change for only a small set of environmental risks, including sanitation, household air pollution, and behavioural risks (eg, undernutrition and smoking). Understanding these risks helps to inform the achievement of SDG 3 targets.
This article provides timely, robust evidence on documenting child health achievements during the Millennium Development Goal era, identifying causes and regions for which less progress occurred, and characterising the association between improving development and child survival. It estimates the number and rates of stillbirths across geographies and over time. Given the reductions in under-5 mortality between 1990 and 2015, this article provides important insights for SDG 3 targets, in particular the target to end preventable deaths of newborns and under 5 year olds.
This article provides new and robust evidence on the levels and trends in maternal mortality in 195 countries and territories throughout the world as the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era has ended and the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) era is beginning and is particularly important for SDG target 3.1. It includes the full reproductive age range of 10–54 years, comprehensively evaluates the interplay between maternal mortality, HIV/AIDS, and all-cause mortality, and reports on how the coverage of reproductive health services relates to risk of maternal mortality.
This article reports the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD), which involves more than 1870 collaborators from 124 countries and three territories and provides an independent analytical platform through which levels of health-related Sustainable Development Goal indicators can be assessed across geographies and over time in a comparable manner. This article provides the measurement of 33 of the 47 health-related SDG indicators and introduce an overall health-related SDG index for 188 countries from 1990 to 2015.
Lancet Global Health 2016; 4: e714–e725
One of the objectives of SDG 3 aims to reduce premature mortality by 40% by 2030. This study investigates the feasibility of achieving this reduction target, in Mexico, through analysing the projected mortality rates up to 2030. By outlining the top causes for mortality in different age groups, this study provides a roadmap for setting national health priorities to achieve SDG 3.4.
The Lancet, September 2016
This commentary says that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been called “senseless, dreamy, garbled,” given that they include 17 goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators, in contrast to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that focused on eight goals, 18 targets, and 48 indicators. But the Global Burden of Disease study proves that the SDGs are measurable and attainable in 188 countries, it argues.
Employers should address rising stress and mental health risk through collaboration between internal departments and insurance providers. A dedicated employee risk manager is part of the solution, argues Andrew Woolnough, value propositions director at Willis Employee Benefits. Companies have an important role to play in advancing SDG 3.4 to promote mental health and well-being.