In order to ease the pressure on biomass resources and investments in renewable energy, feasible solutions to future sustainable energy systems must involve a substantial focus on energy conservation and energy efficiency measures. This paper defines the concept of 4th Generation District Heating and explains the concepts of smart energy and smart thermal grids, in support of SDG target 7.2 to increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030.

Energy Research & Social Science, March 2014, Pages 188 - 197

The threat of disruptive climate change has thrown the spotlight on the central role that energy plays in shaping the future relationship between human society and its natural environment. This article provides an overview of how the study of global environmental politics has shaped energy research in the past and how it contributes to defining the future energy research agenda. It provides insights to SDG target 7 to secure clean energy with minimal environmental impact to all.
This journal article addresses goals 7, 11, 12 and 15 by discussing how increased demand for biomass for bioenergy purposes may lead to a continued conversion of valuable habitats into productive lands and to intensification, which both have negative effects on biodiversity.

Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 35, Issue 10, 15 October 2011, Pages 4390-4398

This journal article addresses goals 7, 13 and 15 by discussing how wood residues from forest harvesting or disturbance wood from wildfire and insect outbreaks may be viewed as biomass “feedstocks” for bioenergy production to help reduce our dependence on fossil fuels.