Elsevier, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 123, 15 October 2017
SMART marine goals, targets and management – Is SDG 14 operational or aspirational, is ‘Life Below Water’ sinking or swimming?
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), adopted in September 2015, are accompanied by targets which have to be met individually and collectively by the signatory states. SDG14 Life Below Water aims to lay the foundation for the integrated and sustainable management of the oceans. However, any environmental management has to be based around targets which are SMART – specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bounded – otherwise it is not possible to determine whether management actions are successful and achieve the desired aims.