Physicochemical Properties

Proteins serve as an imperative macronutrient in human nutrition and well-being. Their nutritional quality substantially varies with their digestibility, amino acid profile, bioavailability, processing and purity. From a nutritional viewpoint, the ideal integration of proteins from diverse plant sources can supply an adequate amount of essential amino acids to fulfil human health needs. The use of plant-derived proteins has recently gained momentum due to their multifaceted edible and nonedible applications and their biodegradable nature.
Plant-based meat analogs are likely to have different gastrointestinal fates than real meat products due to differences in their compositions and structures. Here, we compared the gastrointestinal fate of ground beef and ground beef analogs using the INFOGEST in vitro digestion model, focusing on differences in microstructure, physicochemical properties, lipid digestion, and protein digestion in different regions of the model gut.
Amahewu is a fermented maize-based gruel or beverage consumed mainly in Southern Africa. The nutritional and sensory properties of amahewu may vary with inoculum type, maize type and the prevailing fermentation conditions. Further, these properties may be enhanced through enrichment and fortification. This review seeks to provide up-to-date information on the science and technology of amahewu, focussing on the research findings of its physicochemical properties, as affected by the starter culture used, product formulation and processing conditions.