Africa

West Africa has the highest proportion of married adolescents, and the highest adolescent childbearing rate and maternal death rate in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from 19 211 women across 13 west African countries, this survey-based study reports that while many adolescents use some antenatal care for their first birth, they seek care later, make fewer visits during pregnancy, and receive less comprehensive care than older first-time mothers.
SDG 5 aims to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. But how do you measure empowerment? In The Lancet Global Health, Fernanda Ewerling and colleagues use a set of questions from surveys routinely carried out in Africa to develop a survey-based women’s empowerment index (SWPER). The questions include whether a woman thinks being beaten by her husband is justified and who makes household decisions. The authors validate the index externally and demonstrate that it can be used to compare gender empowerment across African countries.
This paper proposes a socio-technical perspective of fossil fuel subsidies and their reform. This persepctive is applied to cases of the South African and Tunisian energy sectors. Fossil fuel subsidies co-evolve with and are locked-in by national energy systems. Renewable energy technologies can help destabilize this fossil fuel subsidy regime. This paper relates to SDG 7.
Elsevier,

Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 155, Part 1, 2017, Pages 105-118, ISSN 0959-6526,

Climate change, population growth and rapidly increasing urbanisation severely threaten water quantity and quality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Treating wastewater is necessary to preserve the water bodies; reusing treated wastewater appears a viable option that could help to address future water challenges. In areas already suffering energy poverty, the main barrier to wastewater treatment is the high electricity demand of most facilities. This work aims to assess the benefits of integrating renewable energy technologies to satisfy the energy needs of a wastewater treatment facility based on a conventional activated sludge system, and also considers the case of including a membrane bioreactor so treated wastewater can be reused for irrigation.
Elsevier,

Elsevier Foundation, June 2017

The Elsevier Foundation partners with the African Journal Partnership Program, pairing African health and medical journals with leading biomedical journals from the US and UK to build editorial skills through journal mentoring and training. Elsevier volunteers can spend up to one month supporting African journals to boost knowledge exchange, in line with SDG 10.
The winners of the 2017 Elsevier Foundation Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge are first-prize winner (at right) Dênis Pires de Lima, PhD, a professor at Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and runner-up Chioma Blaise Chikere, PhD, a
"The Elsevier Foundation is encouraging innovation and enhancing scientific research through its Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge. This open competition aims to encourage green and sustainable chemistry solutions to tackle some of the biggest sustainability challenges, whether in water, energy or sanitation and directly supports SDG 9 target 5 by encouraging innovation, in particular in developing countries. The winner of the 2017 Challenge is developing low-cost and sustainable insecticides with the aim of reducing mosquito-related diseases such as Dengue Fever."
This article adds a valuable perspective to SDG 11, by arguing that the rush for land due to urban demand must be considered in the debate on sustainable cities. The authors review debates on global land rush and the new urban agenda. Using cases where the global land rush and urbanization are simultaneously intensifying in the global South, the authors identify four areas that should be prioritized in current debates.
Although one of the poorest countries in the world, Rwanda has achieved most of its Millennium Development targets for health. The major mechanisms for implementation of government policies, with the support of development partners, have been the provision of relatively local health centers, payment of health providers by results, setting up an affordable health insurance scheme and the appointment of volunteer Community Health Workers. The effectiveness of this level of community involvement suggests that the SDGs may also be attainable. This article informs the achievement for SDG 3 and its targets.
SDG 7 sets the ambition to ensure access to modern energy for all by 2030, however this leaves significant procedural questions unaddressed. This paper argues that the basic orientation of this approach is problematic, undermining possibilities for progress toward energy justice and equitable development. Using a case study of Sierra Leonean rural cooking energy policy, this paper demonstrates how the underlying mentality of SDG7 feeds into existing discourses that marginalise producers and users of 'traditional' energy sources, threatening important livelihoods.
The Business and Sustainable Development Commission’s Africa Focus Report identifies the major market opportunities Africa, where sustainable business models could open up an economic prize of at least US$1.1 trillion and create over 85 million new jobs by 2030. Partnerships forged by business are integral to the success of all SDGs and in particular SDG 17.

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