Africa

Access to clean and stable energy is a major challenge for many developing African countries. This research aims to investigate ways in which financing renewable energy projects (REPs) can help to address this problem and therefore SDG7. The authors propose the promotion of the two-hand renewable energy service company (ESCO) model as an efficient financial vehicle for increasing sustainable economic development through the production of reliable and stable electricity in semi-urban and rural communities.
Effective implementation of rules on reduced emission from avoided deforestation and forest degradation (REDD +) depends on the compatibility between these rules and existing sectoral policies associated with forests. These authors examine the coherence between REDD + polices and Kenyan policies. They find that coherence is impaired by lack of cross-sectorial consultations on REDD + and that a lack of coherence at the national level creates conflicts at the local level. Cross-sectorial consultative framework is therefore a prerequisite for policy coherence. This paper addresses SDGs 13, 15 and 16.
Food security is enshrined in SDG2 and is also a core component of the human development and capability paradigm, since food access and entitlements are critical for reinforcing essential human capabilities. This paper argues that agriculture is central to improving food security and reducing poverty in Africa, requiring rapid increases in land productivity and increases in agricultural yields. A science-based approach that integrates gender and sustainability is critical to design and implement policies that improve the availability of farm inputs and farm technology.
Nurses receive instruction in mobile nursing education in Kenya through Amref’s Jibu pilot. (Credit: Amref)
In order to achieve SDG target 3C, investments in the healthcare workforce is essential. New and innovative methods need to be deployed to train and develop the skills of healthcare workers. In Kenya, AMREF has launched a programme that enables nurses to learn on their mobile phones through a mobile nursing education app. Supported by a three-year grant from the Elsevier Foundation, Jibu (the name of the m-learning programme), offers a low-cost yet effective way for nurses to access up to date content.
Elsevier,

Applied Energy, Volume 161, 1 January 2016, Pages 583-590

The authors of this paper evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of solar PV in Kenya. They use a system-level optimization model for Kenya to evaluate the potential to use grid-connected solar PV in combination with existing reservoir hydropower to displace diesel generation. This system-scale methodology can be used to estimate the potential for intermittent renewable generation in other African countries with large reservoir hydro capacities or where there is a significant opportunity to displace costly diesel generation. This paper addresses SDG 7: affordable and clean energy for all.
Elsevier,

International Journal of Educational Development, Volume 44, September 2015, Pages 42-55

This paper examines the effect of age of marriage on women's schooling outcomes for 36 countries from Sub-Saharan Africa and South West Asia. Girls and young women, particularly those from poor families, face unequal access to education. One factor explaining this is early childhood marriage. This paper contributes to SDG 5 target 3 and SDG 4.
A study of the Massive Food Production Programme (MFPP) in South Africa shows that a focus on raising maize yields in small-scale farming environments did not result in a marked improvement in rural poverty or food security. This article presents results from a study of the MFPP in three villages in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. This article highlights the interconnection between SDG 1 - No Poverty and SDG 2 - Zero hunger and points to ways in which improvements in agriculture could have benefits on the livelihoods of the poorest small holder farmers.
Elsevier,

World Development, Volume 68, April 2015, Pages 180–204

As the post-MDG era approaches in 2016, reducing child undernutrition is gaining high priority on the international development agenda, both as a maker and marker of development. Revisiting Smith and Haddad (2000), we use data from 1970 to 2012 for 116 countries, finding that safe water access, sanitation, women’s education, gender equality, and the quantity and quality of food available in countries have been key drivers of past reductions in stunting. This article demonstrates that addressing SDGs 2, 4, 5 and 6 contributes to the advancement of SDG 3.
Elsevier,

World Development: Volume 66, February 2015, Pages 400-412

SDG 1 No Poverty and SDG 2 Zero Hunger are addressed in this article which provides, an analysis of the sustainability standards Fairtrade, Organic, and UTZ and their impact specifically on smallholder coffee farmers in Uganda. Only Fairtrade was found to have a positive effect on poverty. Poor African smallholders were found to be able to participate in high-value markets, but more research is needed in order to understand how standards and certification schemes can benefit developing countries better.
For economic development to succeed in Africa in the next 50 years, African agriculture will have to change beyond recognition. Production will have to increased alongside labour productivity, requiring a vast reduction in the proportion of the population engaged in agriculture and a large move out of rural areas.These changes directly contribute to the advancement of SDG 2 and 15 to increase food production in order to minimise hunger, with the help of sustainable methods of doing so to maintain functioning ecosystems.

Pages