Improving the school experience of children with diabetes: Evaluation of the KiDS project

Elsevier, Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology, Vol 15, 2019, pages 70-75.
Authors: 
Daniela Chinnici, Angela Middlehurst, Nikhil Tandon, Monika Arora, Anne Belton, Denise Reis Franco, Glaucia Margonari Bechara, Fernanda Castelo Branco, Tina Rawal, Radhika Shrivastav, Els Sung, Maeva Germe, David Chaney, David Cavan

Background

The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) launched the Kids and Diabetes in School (KiDS) project in collaboration with the International Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) and Sanofi Diabetes to inform and teach school staff, children and parents on the management of diabetes in school. Brazil and India were chosen as pilot countries.

Methods

The evaluation was conducted using a qualitative methodology using semi-structured face to face in-depth interviews. Five out of fifteen schools were selected, where teachers and parents of children with and without diabetes were interviewed. Interviews took place one and three months after the implementation of KiDS.

Findings

Diabetes knowledge among the school staff and parents of children without diabetes was very limited prior to the KiDS Project in both countries. After introducing the KiDS information pack both groups mentioned increased knowledge on the management of diabetes. This was reflected through healthier food choices at school and the encouragement of physical activities. Increased awareness and understanding in the school staff were observed by parents of children with diabetes.

Interpretation

The KiDS project received positive feedback on the educational materials. The pack was deemed informative, interesting and engaging, creating increased awareness and understanding among school staff, parents and children. The project has created a demand for diabetes intervention in schools. The pack has been translated into fourteen languages and was downloaded over 17,000 times by November 2018.