The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study

Elsevier, Health & Place, Volume 31, January 2015, Pages 65-74
Authors: 
Patricia O'Campo, Blair Wheaton, Rosane Nisenbaum, Richard H. Glazier, James R. Dunn, Catharine Chambers

Abstract

Many cross-sectional studies of neighbourhood effects on health do not employ strong study design elements. The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study, a random sample of 2412 English-speaking Toronto residents (age 25–64), utilises strong design features for sampling neighbourhoods and individuals, characterising neighbourhoods using a variety of data sources, measuring a wide range of health outcomes, and for analysing cross-level interactions. We describe here methodological issues that shaped the design and analysis features of the NEHW study to ensure that, while a cross-sectional sample, it will advance the quality of evidence emerging from observational studies.