Patient experiences and health system responsiveness among internal migrants: A nationwide study in 13 Indian cities

Elsevier, Journal of Healthcare Quality Research, Volume 34, Issue 4, 2019, Pages 167-175.
Authors: 
B.V. Babu, Y. Sharma, Y.S. Kusuma, M. Sivakami, D.K. Lal, P. Marimuthu, J.B. Geddam, A. Khanna, M. Agarwal, G. Sudhakar, P. Sengupta, A. Borhade, Z. Khan, A.S. Kerketta and A. Brogen

Objective

To report various components of health system responsiveness among poor internal migrants who availed the government health facilities in 13 Indian cities.

Materials and methods

Cluster random sampling was used to select 50,806 migrant households, of which 14,263 households avail the government health facility in last six months. In addition, 5072 women, who sought antenatal care and 3946 women who had delivery in government health facility during last six months were also included. Data on different domains of health system responsiveness were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, developed based on the World Health Survey of WHO.

Results

Of the eight domains of responsiveness, namely, autonomy, communication, confidentiality, dignity, choice, quality of basic facilities, prompt attention and access to family and community, seven domains, except the ‘choice’, are assessed, and they are moderate. Only about 30% of participants said that doctor discussed on treatment options (autonomy). And 50–60% of participants said positively for questions of clarity of communication. About 59% of participants acknowledged the confidentiality. Not more than 40% of participants said they were treated with dignity, and privacy is respected (dignity). The responses to quality basic amenities, prompt attention and access to family and community domains are fairly satisfactory.

Conclusions

This study has implications as many urban poor, including migrants do not utilize the services of public healthcare facilities. Hence, a responsive health system is required. There should be a policy in place to train and orient healthcare workers on some of the domains of health system responsiveness.