In the past 60 years, the quality of education for the female population has substantially improved, and there has been a robust increase of women involved in science and medicine in China. The number of female professional researchers has reached 31·46 million, accounting for 40·5% of the total number of scientific researchers in China. However, women in science and medicine are largely under-represented at senior levels. For example, women comprise approximately 38% of assistant or associate professors and approximately 8% of full professors in universities and scientific institutes. Remarkably, women account for approximately 6% of the 798 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and only 5·1% of the 875 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Unfortunately, this absence of female professionals in senior positions is more prominent in the remote and underdeveloped areas of China.
The Lancet, Volume 393, Issue 10171, 9–15 February 2019, Pages 527-528.,