Strengthening the role of ethnic minority women in science and medicine in China

Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 393, Issue 10171, 9–15 February 2019, Pages 527-528.
Jiayue Hua, George Fu Gao and Ji-Long Chen

In the past 60 years, the quality of education for the female population has substantially improved, and there has been a robust increase of women involved in science and medicine in China. The number of female professional researchers has reached 31·46 million, accounting for 40·5% of the total number of scientific researchers in China. However, women in science and medicine are largely under-represented at senior levels. For example, women comprise approximately 38% of assistant or associate professors and approximately 8% of full professors in universities and scientific institutes. Remarkably, women account for approximately 6% of the 798 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and only 5·1% of the 875 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Unfortunately, this absence of female professionals in senior positions is more prominent in the remote and underdeveloped areas of China.