Research - Articles

Elsevier,

Research Policy,Volume 45, Issue 3, April 2016, Pages 618–633

How are sustainability transitions effectively implemented across borders? This case study of the coffee sector shows the impact of adopting ‘sustainability standards’ and how a ‘modular governance architecture’ in a transnational setting has helped different actors turn sustainability from an ambiguous concept into a concrete set of semi-independent practices. Modular processes like these are able to play an important role in reaching SDG 17 to strengthen the means of implementation.
Elsevier,

Forest Policy and Economics, Volume 65, April 2016, Pages 37-46

Effective implementation of rules on reduced emission from avoided deforestation and forest degradation (REDD +) depends on the compatibility between these rules and existing sectoral policies associated with forests. These authors examine the coherence between REDD + polices and Kenyan policies. They find that coherence is impaired by lack of cross-sectorial consultations on REDD + and that a lack of coherence at the national level creates conflicts at the local level. Cross-sectorial consultative framework is therefore a prerequisite for policy coherence. This paper addresses SDGs 13, 15 and 16.
Elsevier,

Food Policy, Volume 60, April 2016, Pages 1-9

Food security is enshrined in SDG2 and is also a core component of the human development and capability paradigm, since food access and entitlements are critical for reinforcing essential human capabilities. This paper argues that agriculture is central to improving food security and reducing poverty in Africa, requiring rapid increases in land productivity and increases in agricultural yields. A science-based approach that integrates gender and sustainability is critical to design and implement policies that improve the availability of farm inputs and farm technology.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, April 2016

One of the SDG 3 targets for non-communicable diseases is to halt by 2025 the rise in the age-standardised adult prevalence of diabetes at its 2010 levels. This article provides the most complete estimates of trends in adult diabetes prevalence worldwide, and predicts how likely it is for countries to achieve the global target and how changes in prevalence, population growth, and ageing, are affecting the number of adults with diabetes. If post-2000 trends continue, the probability of meeting the global diabetes target is lower than 1% for men and is 1% for women worldwide.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, April 2016

This article provides the most complete picture of trends in adult body-mass index (BMI), including, for the first time, in underweight and severe and morbid obesity. In addition, authors calculate the probability of meeting the WHO target of halting by 2025 the rise in obesity at its 2010 levels. The results are damning, with authors concluding that if post-2000 trends continue, the probability of meeting the global obesity target is virtually zero. This raises questions for the SDG 3 target related to reducing mortality rates attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 04 April 2016

This brief article discusses why food procurement—the purchase, preparation, and serving of food in public institutions—is a promising strategy to improve the diet and nutritional health of vulnerable populations. With mounting evidence in high-income countries of the benefits of healthy-food procurement in tackling undernourishment, overnourishment, and chronic diseases associated with the latter such as type 2 diabetes, the challenge now is to translate the lessons learned to middle-income and low-income countries, thereby supporting the goals of SDGs 2, 3, and 12.
The smart grid's components
Elsevier,

Energy and Buildings, Volume 116, 15 March 2016, Pages 703-708

Target 11.6 aims to reduce the environmental impact of cities. Technological advances in electric power grid infrastructure, the smart grid, means a greener, more efficient and more adaptable grid. The relationship with the building and the community is explored in this paper to provide a contemporary look at the current state of the art in the potential of buildings and communities to be integrated in smart grids as well as to discuss the still-open research issues in this field.
Elsevier,

Critical Perspectives on Accounting, Volume 35, March 2016, Pages 111-120.

This article develops Sustainable Development Goal 10 (reduced inequalities), looking into the neglected field of LGBT communities within accounting studies. This article underscores the utility of queer theory to accounting and sexuality research and practice.
Nurses receive instruction in mobile nursing education in Kenya through Amref’s Jibu pilot. (Credit: Amref)
Elsevier,

Elsevier Connect, 18 February 2016

In order to achieve SDG target 3C, investments in the healthcare workforce is essential. New and innovative methods need to be deployed to train and develop the skills of healthcare workers. In Kenya, AMREF has launched a programme that enables nurses to learn on their mobile phones through a mobile nursing education app. Supported by a three-year grant from the Elsevier Foundation, Jibu (the name of the m-learning programme), offers a low-cost yet effective way for nurses to access up to date content.
Heat map of simulated annual heating demand for South Boston using UMI (a) and daily gas and electricity demand profiles for the highlighted building in South Boston (b).
Elsevier,

Building and Environment, Volume 97, 15 February 2016, Pages 196-202

Targets to reduce GHG emissions in cities require significant political willpower. Transportation and industrial activity have varying contributing factors to GHG in cities, while emissions from buildings is always a key contributor. Understanding building emissions is important in achieving SDG 11 and SDG 13. This article reviews both individual building energy models and regional and country-level building stock models as a way of analysing the energy performance of neighbourhoods.

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