Research - Articles

Key strategies to low energy buildings
Elsevier,

Energy and Buildings, Volume 116, 2016, 694–702

The behaviour of a building's occupant has a significant impact on the energy consumption of that building. Behaviour patterns of building occupants are uncertain but social scientists have been studying behaviour patterns for decades. Drawing on this research, this paper explores advances and obstacles in modelling occupant behaviour and the impact this can have on measuring energy consumption. Target 11.6 is concerned with reducing the adverse impacts of cities, therefore understanding and being able to predict occupant behaviour will play an important role in achieving this target.
Elsevier,

Applied Energy, Volume 161, 1 January 2016, Pages 583-590

The authors of this paper evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of solar PV in Kenya. They use a system-level optimization model for Kenya to evaluate the potential to use grid-connected solar PV in combination with existing reservoir hydropower to displace diesel generation. This system-scale methodology can be used to estimate the potential for intermittent renewable generation in other African countries with large reservoir hydro capacities or where there is a significant opportunity to displace costly diesel generation. This paper addresses SDG 7: affordable and clean energy for all.
Elsevier,

Desalination, Volume 380, 2016, Pages 100-104

High performance, cost-effective and environmentally acceptable separation systems is highly desirable in tackling the sustainability challenges facing current desalination technology. This paper provides a brief insight into the roles and prospective of nanotechnology, particularly the nano-enabled membrane technology, to serve as a key element to render feasible solutions for sustainable development in membrane desalination technology. This relates to SDG 6 and 9.
Elsevier,

Desalination, Volume 380, 2016, Pages 105-111

Membrane (bio)fouling is a major problem in separation and purification processes. This paper highlights recent advances in the design and development of highly resistant thin film composite membranes through surface modification. This is particularly relevant to SDG 6 (ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all) and the related innovations in design make this relevant for SDG 9 (build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation) as well.
Elsevier,

Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 101, 2016, Pages 490-495

The internal combustion engine does not efficiently convert chemical energy into mechanical energy and most of the energy is lost as heat. This paper discusses promising technologies for passive waste heat recovery system, addressing SDGs 9,12 and 13.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, January 2016

China has experienced a remarkable epidemiological and demographic transition during the past three decades. This article importantly advances SDG 3. It offers the first ever systematic analysis of provincial level burden of disease in China. It includes an assessment of and trends in all-cause mortality, causes of death, and years of life lost (YLL) in all 33 provinces between 1990 and 2013. Understanding subnational trends will be crucial in tackling the diverse health challenges faced by provincial governments and to ensure healthy lives and wellbeing for all Chinese at all ages.
Prof. Jane Polston of the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of Florida is hosted as a visiting expert by the College of Agricultural and Applied Biology at Can Tho University in Vietnam, August 2015. (Photo by Nguyen Quoc Tuan)
Elsevier,

Elsevier Connect, January 2016

The Sustainability science program is a partnership between the Elsevier Foundation and the World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) aiming to promote visibility and knowledge exchange for developing country researchers through travel grants, expert exchanges and case study competitions.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, January 2016

Between 1990 and 2015, 29 of 33 provinces in China achieved a decrease in under-5 mortality rates twice as fast as the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target. In this article, authors declare that the reduction of under-5 mortality in China at the country, provincial, and county level has been “an extraordinary success story”. China should now build on this achievement and look to study and replicate success in other developing countries to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of lowering under-5 mortality to 25 per 1000 livebirths by 2030 throughout the country.
Elsevier,

Physics Reports, Volume 653, Pages 1-40, 7 October 2016

Solar energy conversion using semiconductors to fabricate photovoltaic devices relies on efficient light absorption, charge separation of electron–hole pair carriers or excitons, and fast transport and charge extraction to counter recombination processes. Ferroelectric semiconductors offer the possibility to develop new know-how and a plethora of new functionalities of man-made materials for sensing, large scale energy conversion, energy storage, data retention, autonomous energy harvesting at small scales. This will help to address target SDG 7.3 to double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
Elsevier,

Physics Reports, Volume 664, Pages 1-113, 9 December 2016

Historically, infectious diseases caused considerable damage to human societies, and they continue to do so today. To help reduce their impact, mathematical models of disease transmission have been studied to help understand disease dynamics and inform prevention strategies. Vaccination–one of the most important preventive measures of modern times–is of great interest both theoretically and empirically. Recent research increasingly explores the pivotal implications of individual behaviour and heterogeneous contact patterns in populations. The success of SDG 3 relies to a large extent on vaccination programmes.

Pages