Research - Articles


The Lancet, January 2016

Millennium Development Goal 5 called for a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio between 1990 and 2015. This article estimates the levels and trends in maternal mortality for 183 countries to assess the progress made on this goal, and also constructs projections to show what is needed to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of less than 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 livebirths globally by 2030. Although the SDG target is ambitious, countries that made a concerted effort to reduce maternal mortality between 2000 and 2010 should provide inspiration and guidance.

Ecological Indicators, Volume 60, 2016, Pages 565-573, ISSN 1470-160X,

This article provides a critical review of the SDG indicators and therefore contributes to overall knowledge around advancement of the goals. Given the nature of the goals and the partnerships required to achieve them, this article sits under goal 17.

United Nations Global Compact, 2016

This article discusses what actions Women’s Empowerment Principles' companies are taking to advance Goal 5.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 9, 2016, Pages 10-40

The aim of the study was to revise the current literature concerning the application of low-cost adsorbents for wastewater treatment highlighting, systematically, both adsorbents characteristics and adsorption capacities. This is particularly relevant to address SDG 6 - Clean water and sanitation.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, September 2016

Granite Powder (GP) and Iron Powder (IP) are industrial byproducts generated from the granite polishing and milling industry in powder form respectively. These byproducts are left largely unused and are hazardous materials to human health because they are airborne and can be easily inhaled. This study, as well as studies in other countries, have shown the viability of producing concrete with granite powder and iron powder byproducts. This supports the advancement of SDG 9 and SDG 11.

Desalination, Volume 380, 2016, Pages 93-99

Recent research on CO2 capture is focusing on the optimization of CO2 absorption using amines (mainly monoethanolamine—MEA) in order to minimize the energy consumption of this very energy-intensive process and improve the absorption efficiency. This paper provides an overview of the main implications of using MEA for CO2 capture together with the latest advances in research to improve the conventional absorption process. The use of other solvents and/or technology, as well as their advantages and disadvantages will also be briefly provided. This is relevant for SDGs 9,12 and 13.

Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 156, Part 2, 17 December 2015, Pages 856-860

Forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) have received extensive attention during the last decade as emerging technologies for water reuse and seawater desalination, and power generation, respectively. This review summarizes what has been learned in the last decade and shares the authors understanding and perspectives on FO and PRO technologies for clean water and clean energy production (SDGs 6 and 7).

Sustainable Cities and Society, Volume 19, December 2015, Pages 200-206

The growth in the world's population has both created and increased the size of existing mega cities. The raised temperatures of these cities, known as urban heat islands, contribute to increased pollution and health-related problems. SDG 11 aims to target urban populations - making their lives healthier and cities more sustainable. The studies of mitigation strategies in this article reveal areas of weakness in modeling designs and prediction stages to advance knowledge on SDG 11 and SDG 3.

Energy and Buildings, Volume 103, 15 September 2015, Pages 414-419

Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is a proven way to improve the energy efficiency of a building, which also has economic benefits. Given target 11.6 aims to reduce environmental impacts of cities, it is important to explore ways in which buildings can become more energy efficient. This article reviews both active and passive storage systems.

International Journal of Refrigeration, Volume 57, 2015, Pages 288-298

Emerging technologies in the domain of solid-state physics have been investigated as serious alternatives for future refrigeration, heat pumping, air conditioning, or even power generation applications. This paper discusses some new technologies, which represent a potential for improvements in energy efficiency, compactness, noise level, as well as a reduction in environmental impacts related to SDGs 7, 12 and 13.