Research - Articles

Elsevier,

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 70, April 2017, Pages 161-184

This journal article addresses goals 7, 13, 14 and 15 by discussing the impacts of different renewable energy pathways on ecosystems and biodiversity, and the implications of these impacts for transitioning to a Green Economy.
Elsevier,

The Lancet HIV, April 2017

The prevalence of HIV among transgender women in Brazil is not known. A respondent-driven study in Rio de Janeiro assessed the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and described the characteristics predictive of newly diagnosed HIV in this population. These findings will improve and direct future sexual health-care service provision, as well as the attainment of SDG 3, in Brazil.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 4, April 2017, Pages 72-76, ISSN 2452-2236

Hybrid perovskites are key to any discussion of materials for solar energy conversion. These organic-inorganic semiconductors (e. g. methyl ammonium lead iodide), which adopt the perovskite crystal structure, have perturbed the landscape of photovoltaic research. Highly efficient solar cells based on hybrid perovskite absorber layers can be fabricated by solution processed active layers. These materials are abundant and the simple processing could make high-throughput and low cost manufacturing at large scale possible. Exploring the materials that are viable in solar energy conversion contributes to advancing SDG 7.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 4, April 2017, Pages 1-7, ISSN 2452-2236,

The need for better conversion technologies is a driving force behind many recent developments in materials. Second generation solar cells are based on thin films of materials, as compound semiconductor absorber layers. The thin film technology has a high potential, but research is needed to raise the device efficiency to such levels that cost of delivered power can be reduced. The paper by Siebenttritt recent developments which made thin film solar cells based on the chalcopyrite-type compounds Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 [(CIGS) or (CIS)], promising materials which could significantly contribute as thin-film materials to the future share of photovoltaics in the supply of electrical power.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Planetary Health, April 2017

This study has investigated how smallholder farmers contribute to our global food supply. They looked at where farms are located, what type of commodities are produced (plants, livestock’s or fish) from farms of different sizes and their nutrition implications. They found that small farms produce 75–100% of all cereal in North America and South America, Australia, and New Zealand , livestock, and fruit in these regions, whereas small farms (<20 ha) found in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, southeast Asia, and China produce 75% of food commodities globally. This is in line with the attainment of SDG 2.
Elsevier,

Lancet Planetary Health, April 2017

The study addresses how food production can continue using reduced water whilst at the same time bring about improved health. The growing population in India will have an impact on water availability to be used in agriculture and so the study looks at dietary patterns which use less water. They find important synergies in diets with lower water use and positive health effects. This is in-line with the achievement of SDG 2, its related targets and to a further extent SDG 6.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Oncology, April 2017

Cancer is a major cause of death in children worldwide, and incidence is increasing. This population-based study from the International Agency for Research on Cancer in collaboration with the International Association of Cancer Registries aimed to provide internationally comparable local data on the incidence of childhood cancer. This study observed geographical, racial and ethnic, age, sex, and temporal variations in childhood cancer which require further monitoring and research. These data can be used to inform aetiological research, to inform public health policy and to advance SDG 3 target 4.
Elsevier,

Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 23, 2017, Pages 13-26

The article summarises research conducted in different climate zones related to green roof design that is correlated with roles of substrate in promoting plant growth. From the review, it will serve as a guideline for selection of substrate suitable for green roofs in different climates worldwide. From the recommendation made, the success of plant growth in addressing food security needs a concerted effort worldwide through development of standard guidelines related to green roof design for close comparison across the world region. The review supports SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities, SDG 17: Partnerships for the goals and SDG 13: Climate action.
Elsevier,

Lancet Psychiatry Vol 4 No 4 April 2017

Goal 10 target 7 is concerned with safe and responsible migration. To achieve this, the global refugee crisis requires a concerted response from mental health professionals who can use collaborative resiliency training to support community-level self-organisation towards resilience, recovery, and social integration.
Elsevier,

Global Environmental Change, Volume 43, March 2017, Pages 1-14

Reducing large-scale deforestation in commodity frontiers remains a key challenge for climate change mitigation and the conservation of biodiversity. Public and private anti-deforestation policies have been shown to effectively reduce forest loss, but the conditions under which such policies get adopted are rarely examined. This paper proposes a set of conditions for the adoption of effective anti-deforestation policies. Such conditions will help to advance SDG 15.2 to promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests and halt deforestation.

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