Research

Elsevier,

The Lancet, Volume 386, Issue 9993, 8–14 August 2015, Pages 569-624

This article examines surgical and anaesthesia care in low-income and middle-income countries, which has stagnated and regressed. To prevent death and make progress towards goal 3 access to these surgical services must be available, affordable, timely and safe.
Elsevier,

Journal of Criminal Justice, Volume 42, Issue 4, July–August 2014, Pages 338 - 346

History shows that one of the most important institutions to a society is its criminal justice system. The current study offers an analysis of the US criminal justice system’s effectiveness in identifying, apprehending, convicting, and punishing high-level/persistent offenders. The goal of SDG target 16.3 to promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and to ensure equal access to justice for all relies to a large extent on an effective criminal justice system.
Elsevier,

Computers & Chemical Engineering, July 2014, Pages 36 - 56

Biomass-derived liquid transportation fuels and energy products have been proposed as part of the solution to climate change and thus support SDG 7 and 13 to increase renewable energy in the global energy mix and increase resilience against climate change. This article describes the key challenges and opportunities in modeling and optimization of biomass-to-bioenergy supply chains. Conclusions include potential future research on multi-scale modelling and optimization of biofuel value chains.
Elsevier,

Landscape and Urban Planning, May 2014, Pages 254 - 259

Advances in urban sustainability have recently been made through transdisciplinary collaborations among researchers, decision-makers and stakeholders. However, these advances have limited transferability due to the inherent uniqueness of the city in which they originated. This paper proposes a core/common set of metrics to assess ecosystem services. The framework contributes to the advancement of SDG 11.3 to enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management.
Elsevier,

Global Environmental Change, May 2014, Pages 152 - 158

Ecosystems provide a range of services that are crucial to human wellbeing, health and survival. This paper provides an updated estimate of the global value of ecosystem services to enable these services to be properly appreciated and taken into account during decision-making. Knowing the true value of ecosystem services contributes to advancing SDG target 13.3 to improve awareness-raising and action on climate change mitigation, as well as SDG target 15 as it helps preserve ecosystems and maintain high biodiversity.
Elsevier,

Landscape and Urban Planning, May 2014, Pages 234 - 244

Urban green spaces provide critical ecosystems whilst also promoting physical activity, psychological well-being, and general public health benefits to urban residents. Reviewing the efforts to green US and Chinese cities provides useful guidance to assist the advancement of SDG target 3, 11 and 15 in promoting good health for all and building sustainable communities while creating and maintaining urban ecosystems.
Elsevier,

Global Environmental Change, May 2014, Pages 196 - 205

The potential impact of dietary changes on health, the agricultural system and other environmental factors has only been studied to a limited extent. This study examines the large-scale consequences in the European Union of replacing 25–50% of animal-derived foods with plant-based foods on a dietary energy basis, assuming corresponding changes in production. It provides valuable insights to SDG target 2.3 to ensure sustainable food production systems by 2030, as well as SDG target 13.1 strengthening resilience and adapt to climate-related hazards.
Elsevier,

Energy, April 2014, Pages 1 - 11

In order to ease the pressure on biomass resources and investments in renewable energy, feasible solutions to future sustainable energy systems must involve a substantial focus on energy conservation and energy efficiency measures. This paper defines the concept of 4th Generation District Heating and explains the concepts of smart energy and smart thermal grids, in support of SDG target 7.2 to increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030.
Elsevier,

Vaccine, Volume 32, Issue 19, April 2014, Pages 2150 - 2159

Vaccine “hesitancy” is an emerging term in the literature and discourse on vaccine decision-making and determinants of vaccine acceptance. Determinants of vaccine hesitancy are complex and context-specific – varying across time, place and vaccines. By eliminating vaccine hesitancy SDG 3 will be met as it seeks to ensure health and well-being for all, at every stage of life.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, Volume 383, Issue 9925, 12–18 April 2014, Pages 1333–1354

A new Global Investment Framework for Women's and Children's Health demonstrates how investment in women's and children's health will secure high health, social, and economic returns. We costed health systems strengthening and six investment packages for: maternal and newborn health, child health, immunisation, family planning, HIV/AIDS, and malaria. This article directly links to the SDG targets 3.1 and 3.2 to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births, and end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age.

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