Rural development

Open defecation is a major global health problem. The number of open defecators in India dwarfs that of other states and most live in rural places. Attempts to end rural open defecation by targeting individuals, like social marketing or behaviour change approaches, often ignore the structural inequalities that shape rural residents’ everyday lives. Our study explores the role of remoteness in sustaining open defecation in rural India, advancing knowledge on SDG 6. We deploy the concept of remoteness as an analytical tool that can capture everyday practices of open defecation as a function of physical and social distance.
This article adds a valuable perspective to SDG 11, by arguing that the rush for land due to urban demand must be considered in the debate on sustainable cities. The authors review debates on global land rush and the new urban agenda. Using cases where the global land rush and urbanization are simultaneously intensifying in the global South, the authors identify four areas that should be prioritized in current debates.
In South Africa the population over the age of 60 is increasing and predicted to reach 5.5 million by 2025 and yet the knowledge and awareness of dementia is low. This study describes an innovative programme for caring for older people and people affected by dementia in one isolated rural community in South Africa, contributing to SDG 3 to ensure healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages.
Elsevier,

International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, Volume 6, 2017, Pages 8-13

This paper details a Research Summit, which was convened in Nairobi, Kenya and aimed to: identify regional gaps in knowledge and priorities for nursing and midwifery research and mentorship, recommend strategies that address these gaps, develop a mentorship plan with access to a pool of regional and global nurse and midwifery research experts, and disseminate recommended strategies with a mentorship approach to pave the way for sustainability and replication. It helps support both SDG 3 and SDG 4, recognising the importance of quality education to develop and enhance the careers of nurses and midwives.
Ending preventable deaths of children under 5 is a target of SDG 3. This article recognises that pneumonia deaths among children younger than 5 years old have declined between 2000 and 2015. Vaccine and antibiotic use have spurred this mortality reduction but maximum benefits will only be achieved with new interventions working synergistically with established approaches.
The state of nature report has revealed that more than half of UK wildlife species studied have declined since 1970. This decline has been linked to intensive farming practices although farm leaders have disputed the findings. Understanding these issues and the role of agriculture will contribute to the advancement of SDG 15.5 to take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.
The role of agriculture in flood risk mitigation has been largely overlooked in the UK government’s national flood resilience review. Farm leaders are concerned that the review contains little mention of agriculture, rural communities or food security. This highlights the need to address flood risk mitigation holistically to support SDG 13.1 to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters, and SDG 2.4 to implement resilient agricultural practices that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, including flooding.
This report offers a framework for principle-based collaboration between business, the UN, governments, civil society and other stakeholders in relation to soil management and the entire agricultural value chain. It directly supports SDG 2 and SDG 15.

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