COP26 Special Issue: UN Climate Change Conference 2021

COP26 is the 2021 United Nations annual climate change conference. COP stands for Conference of the Parties. Parties are the signatories of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) - a treaty agreed in 1994 which has 197 Parties (196 countries and the EU). The 2021 conference, hosted by the UK, together with our partners Italy, in Glasgow, will be the 26th meeting of the Parties, which is why it's called COP26.

United Nations climate change conferences are among the largest international meetings in the world. The negotiations between governments are complex and involve officials from every country in the world as well as representatives from civil society and the global news media.

To build momentum for this pivotal event, we're sharing a curated list of impactful book chapters and journal articles that will drive research and deliver meaningful ways to take positive environmental action.

Elsevier,

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies, Volume , 4 July 2017

This book chapter advances SDG 11, 15 and 9 presenting the role of adaptation of buildings in the context of climate change, the consequent implications on buildings in various climatic zones, and the possible strategies that need to be evaluated.
Elsevier,

Hybrid Nuclear Energy Systems, A Sustainable Solution for the 21st Century, Hybrid Energy Systems, 2021, Pages 23-41

This book chapter advances SDG 7 and 11 by discussing the uses of hybrid energy systems, contrasting and ranking the application capabilities of major reactor and power plant types.
Elsevier,

Nuclear Decommissioning Case Studies, Volume Two - Policies, Strategies, Planning and Knowledge Management, 2021, Pages 3-7

This book chapter advances SDG 7 and 11 by highlighting the concepts of policy, strategy, early and detailed planning, Life Cycle Management, and poor or good practices associated with nuclear decommissioning.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, Volume 28, December 2021

Focuses on rural electric inequality. This work proposes a rural electrification strategy that makes use of Geographic Information System (GIS), graph theory and terrain analysis to create the best electric network topology.
Elsevier,

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Volume 537, 1 November 2021

With successful reproduction and recruitment fundamental to the continued persistence of fish populations under future climate conditions, understanding the physiological mechanisms – including taxonomic and population variation – wherein high temperatures lead to reduced reproductive performance is crucial to identify and remediate any reproductive impairment caused by warming aquatic habitats. Future endocrine studies have an important role to play to that end, as understanding the hormone mechanisms that underlie reproductive inhibition at high temperature, as well as extending our understanding of those mechanisms to consider the potential ability for fish to acclimate either through prior developmental thermal experience or via transgenerational and epigenetic mechanisms (e.g., Veilleux et al., 2018), will be crucial for predicting how wild fish populations will be affected by climate warming. The results presented here and elsewhere for other species (e.g., Alix et al., 2020; Servili et al., 2020) have a crucial role to play by serving as a foundation to guide future research into how extreme warm temperatures predicted under future climate scenarios will impact fish reproduction.
Elsevier,

Transport Policy, Volume 111, September 2021

Transport is a major contributor to carbon emissions causing climate change. This paper explores how to achieve more sustainable land use and transport systems through using accessibility instruments for planning.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, Volume 27, September 2021

This study aimed to utilize the natural wind to create optimal natural ventilation to achieve thermal comfort of the indoor environment through the best layout and placement of residential blocks, creating proper distance between blocks and orienting blocks properly inside a residential complex site in a summery humid climate.
Elsevier,

Animal Behaviour, Volume 178, August 2021

Sperm production and function are vulnerable to heat, and heatwave conditions are forecast to increase as our climate warms, so we examined these effects on female reproduction and mating behaviour in the flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, a promiscuous ectotherm model in which fertility is damaged by environmental warming. We tested whether polyandrous matings, or polyandrous sperm stores, protect females against reduced male fertility caused by heatwave conditions, and whether females flexibly adjust their remating behaviour to enable fertility rescue. We found that polyandry protected females against reduced male fertility: monogamous matings with males exposed to heatwave conditions halved female offspring production, but opportunities to mate with five of these males allowed normal female reproductive output.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 30, August 2021

Opportunities and challenges toward the electrocatalytic conversion of methane to methanol.
Elsevier,

Bone, Volume 147, June 2021

Osteoporotic fragility fractures are highly prevalent. Fragility fractures of the radius or ulna and humerus peaked in winter. Fragility fractures of the ankle, foot, tibia or fibula peaked in summer. Weather was associated with fragility fractures.

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