Elimination of Violence against Women 2021

Women's rights activists have observed November 25th as a day against gender-based violence since 1981. This date was selected to honour the Mirabal sisters, three political activists from the Dominican Republic who were brutally murdered in 1960 by order of the country’s ruler, Rafael Trujillo (1930-1961). November 25th also marks the beginning of 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence which ends on December 10th, Human Rights Day. This annual campaign is used by individuals and organisations around the world to call for the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls.

Despite the adoption of the Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) by the UN General Assembly in 1979, violence against women and girls remains a pervasive problem worldwide. To date, only two out of three countries have outlawed domestic violence, while 37 countries worldwide still exempt rape perpetrators from prosecution if they are married to or eventually marry the victim and 49 countries currently have no laws protecting women from domestic violence.

To mark this event, Elsevier presents a curated, freely available collection of journal articles and book chapters to highlight the urgent need to end violence against women and girls.

Elsevier, The Lancet Global Health, Volume 9, June 2021
Background: Half of the world's missing female births occur in India, due to sex-selective abortion. It is unknown whether selective abortion of female fetuses has changed in recent years across different birth orders. We sought to document the trends in missing female births, particularly among second and third children, at national and state levels.
Elsevier, Heliyon, Volume 7, March 2021
The crisis provoked by COVID-19 has rapidly and profoundly affected Latin America. The impacts are seen not only in infection and mortality rates, but also in the economic decline and increased inequality that plague the region, problems which have been exacerbated as a result of the pandemic.
Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 397, 6 February 2021
Women and children bear substantial morbidity and mortality as a result of armed conflicts. This Series paper focuses on the direct (due to violence) and indirect health effects of armed conflict on women and children (including adolescents) worldwide. We estimate that nearly 36 million children and 16 million women were displaced in 2017, on the basis of international databases of refugees and internally displaced populations.
Elsevier, Journal of Sexual Medicine, Volume 17, December 2020
Background: Sexual dysfunction and sexual distress are common during pregnancy, but the effects of exposure to sexual violence on sexual dysfunction and sexual distress in pregnant women is unknown. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of sexual violence on female sexual dysfunction and sexual distress. Methods: This is a descriptive study. Data were collected between December 2019 and April 2020 from 605 pregnant women.
Elsevier, Journal of Sexual Medicine, Volume 17, November 2020
Background: Research has revealed that survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have elevated sexual dysfunction and distress. Nevertheless, a vast majority of studies examining sexual dysfunction and distress among CSA survivors were conducted among women only, and the moderating role of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms between a history of CSA and sexual dysfunction and distress is yet to be investigated.
Elsevier,

International Encyclopedia of Public Health (Second Edition), 2017, Pages 337-343

This article advances SDGs 3, 5, and 16 by providing a broad overview of global violence aginst women and highlighting the difference health professionals can make for women who experience violence in its multiple forms.
Elsevier,

International Encyclopedia of Public Health (Second Edition), 2017, Pages 491-498

This article advances SDGs 3, 5, and 16 by demonstrating how gender power inequalities are at the root of sexual violence against women and outlining ways to prevent sexual violence and mitigate the mental and physical health impacts of rape.
Elsevier,

Police Psychology, New Trends in Forensic Psychological Science, 2022, Pages 205-241

This chapter supports SDGS 3, 5 and 16 by explaining the role of psychological science and research in the training and development of law enforcement, in order to improve responses to cases of intimate partner violence (IPV).
Elsevier,

Preventing Domestic Homicides, Lessons Learned from Tragedies, 2020, Pages 39-61

This chapter supports SDGs 3, 5 and 16 by examining domestic homicides in rural communities, providing insights into their prevalence, risk factors, case studies, and prevention.
Elsevier,

Preventing Domestic Homicides, Lessons Learned from Tragedies, 2020, Pages 209-231

This chapter supports SDGs 3, 5 and 16 by analyzing violence and homicide in a workplace setting, reviewing impact and case studies, and offering recommendations and potential approaches to prevention.

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