International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2021

This year, #IDPWD21 celebrates the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for people who live with disabilities, in the context of a global pandemic. We call on domestic and international public health officials, political representatives, advocates, supporters, and every citizen in every community, to learn from the experiences of people living with disabilities during this pandemic, and push for more meaningful investments into the socioeconomic building blocks which will reduce the barriers faced by people with disabilities in every community on earth. With carefully curated book chapters and journal articles, our IDPWD special issue is our part to fight for the rights of people with disabilities in the post-COVID era.

Elsevier, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 148, June 2021
Children with disabilities in Ontario, Canada have their right to equal access to education protected by the 1990 Ontario Human Rights Code and the 1990 Education Act. These legislated rights require the delivery of stigma- and barrier-free education services to children with disabilities. However, the extent to which compliance is achieved by school boards and individual schools is questionable and warrants attention as a matter of both scholarship and public policy.
Elsevier,

Bio-Economy and Agri-production Concepts and Evidence 2021, Pages 247-263

This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG10 Reducing Inequalities by focusing on educationally meaningful methods to develop programs that exploit voice recognition engines, based on cloud services, so that a smartphone device can remotely trigger typical farming actions or query the values of several critical parameters of the farm specifically for the elderly and disabled.
Elsevier, Transportation Research Procedia, Volume 55, 2021
The article deals with the issue of transport of people with disabilities, specifically by rail. It analyzes the representation of these people from a demographic point of view. From the point of view of transport technology, the subject of research is the inclusion of a specialized car for the passengers with reduced mobility in train sets. With the help of a questionnaire survey, it focuses on shortcomings subjectively perceived by passengers. These data are the basis for the proposal, which is then evaluated financially.
Diagram illustrating the coding process employed in this research. Index and analytic codes are bolded and enclosed in rectangular borders. Adjacent codes are co-occurring, or assigned to the same excerpt.
Elsevier, Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Volume 8, November 2020
People with disabilities may be particularly vulnerable to the direct health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as the wider impacts of the pandemic response. People with disabilities experience numerous barriers to using transportation to access essential goods, like fresh food, and services, like medical care, that are necessary for maintaining health. The pandemic and the pandemic response threaten to exacerbate persistent health disparities and add to transportation barriers that disadvantage people with disabilities.
Elsevier, Cities, Volume 102, July 2020
Cities with many pedestrian barriers can inhibit community mobility, access to services, and social participation for people with disabilities. Although National Disability Rights policies have been enacted in several nations, it is unclear what progress local governments have made in developing plans and implementing accessibility improvements to the pedestrian infrastructure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the existence and quality of city plans used to remove barriers for pedestrians with disabilities.
A diagram of the authors' 3-layer Internet of Things architecture.
Elsevier, Building and Environment, Volume 203, October 2021
Monitoring the thermal comfort of building occupants is crucial for ensuring sustainable and efficient energy consumption in residential buildings. Existing studies have addressed the monitoring of thermal comfort through questionnaires and activities involving occupants. However, few studies have considered disabled people in the monitoring of thermal comfort, despite the potential for impairments to present thermal requirements that are significantly different from those of an occupant without a disability.
Elsevier, The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 9, November 2021
Background: The impact of COVID-19 on physical and mental health and employment after hospitalisation with acute disease is not well understood. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of COVID-19-related hospitalisation on health and employment, to identify factors associated with recovery, and to describe recovery phenotypes.
Elsevier,

Emerging Programs for Autism Spectrum Disorder Improving Communication, Behavior, and Family Dynamics 2021, Pages 243-264

This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG 10 Reducing Inequalities by reviewing a pilot rehabilitation program for children with a combination of intellectual/autism spectrum disorder and motor disorders.
Diagram showing the age-adjusted cumulative COVID-19 mortality between Jan 24, 2020, and Feb 28, 2021, by disability status and sex. Upper and lower lines of each colour represent the upper and lower bounds of the bootstrapped 95% CI.
Elsevier, The Lancet Public Health, Volume 6, November 2021
Background: People with learning disabilities are at substantially increased risk of COVID-19 mortality, but evidence on risks of COVID-19 mortality for disabled people more generally is limited. We aimed to use population-level data to estimate the association between self-reported disability and death involving COVID-19 during the first two waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in England.
Graph showing number of significant and non-significant average effects reported across 36 meta-analyses of the effects of physical activity interventions on different health outcomes among children, adolescents, and adults with disabilities.
Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 398, 31 July 2021
Approximately 1·5 billion people worldwide live with a physical, mental, sensory, or intellectual disability, about 80% of which are in low-income and middle-income countries. This Series paper provides a global overview of the prevalence, benefits, and promotion policies for physical activity for people living with disabilities (PLWD). PLWD are 16–62% less likely to meet physical activity guidelines and are at higher risk of serious health problems related to inactivity than people without disabilities.

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