International Women's Day 2022

Imagine a gender equal world.

A world free of bias, stereotypes, and discrimination.

A world that is diverse, equitable, and inclusive.

A world where difference is valued and celebrated.

Together we can forge women's equality.

Collectively we can all #BreakTheBias.

Graphical abstract showing the effect of estrogen-deficiency on a tooth
Elsevier, Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 435, 1 May 2022
Emerging evidence indicates that postmenopausal women with periodontitis have aggravated inflammation and prolonged course, with the detailed mechanisms largely unknown. This study aimed to determine the pathogenic role of aberrant extracellular vesicles due to imbalanced-polarized macrophages and explore the therapeutic approach for periodontitis in postmenopausal individuals. Periodontitis in ovariectomized (OVX) mouse models were established to simulate the aggravated periodontitis in postmenopausal women.
Elsevier, Medicine in Microecology, Volume 8, June 2021
In the 21st century, the incidence of preterm birth has continued to increase. According to statistics, preterm birth accounts for 5%–18% of all births worldwide, and 70%–75% of perinatal deaths are related to preterm birth. Preterm birth is not only a cardiopulmonary defect for the baby, but also has a negative impact on the mother's health.
Graph showing differences in energy consumption in the USA
Elsevier, iScience, Volume 24, 19 November 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated energy insecurity and economic hardship among vulnerable populations. This paper provides robust empirical evidence of the degree to which COVID-19 mitigation measures, especially the mandates of school closure and limiting business operations, have impacted electricity consumption behavior in low-income and ethnic minority groups in the United States. We use a regression discontinuity design applied to individual-consumer-level high-frequency smart meter data in Arizona and Illinois to highlight the disparities in mitigation measure impacts.
Graphical abstract showing how resources depend on income
Elsevier, iScience, Volume 24, 17 December 2021
Low-income households (LIHs) have experienced increased poverty and inaccess to healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic, limiting their ability to adhere to health-protective behaviors. We use an epidemiological model to show how a households' inability to adopt social distancing, owing to constraints in utility and healthcare expenditure, can drastically impact the course of disease outbreaks in five urban U.S. counties.
Elsevier, Cities, Volume 76, June 2018
The paper makes use of an un-orthodox Lefebvrian formulation of the ‘right to the city’ as it adds the gender dimension which was absent from Lefebvre's work. The lens of ‘gendered right to the city’ (Doderer, 2003; Fenster, 2005; Vacchelli, 2014) is used in order to understand the experiences of volunteers working in the women's community and voluntary sector in London.
Elsevier,

Journal of Responsible Technology,
Volume 9,
2022,
100020,
ISSN 2666-6596

Concern exists over gender (and other) bias embedded in widely-used AI systems and models. Authors built an open-source tool to help detect bias in classification models: helps to show whether or not AI model is unbiased. Aim to contribute towards action to mitigate the socially harmful effect of machine bias.
Elsevier,

International Encyclopedia of Public Health (Second Edition), 2017, Pages 434-443

This chapter advances goals 3 and 5 by examining the biological and social reasons women are disporportionately affected by mental health issues. It advocates for a gender-based approach to mental health programs to help women with the unique set of challenges they face.
Elsevier,

Three Facets of Public Health and Paths to Improvements, Behavior, Culture, and Environment, 2020, Pages 261-294

This chapter advances goals 3 and 5 by generating awareness for US women caregivers to receive compensation and developing the job industry to embrace women caregivers in MENA countries.
Elsevier,

Covid-19 Infections and Pregnancy, 2021, Pages 145-165

This chapter advances goals 3 and 5 by examining the effects of pregnancy on COVID-19 and the different maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidities.
Elsevier,

Covid-19 Infections and Pregnancy, 2021, Pages 23-37

This chapter advances goals 3 and 5 by examining the immunological adaptation to pregnancy with a special focus drawn on the susceptibility to viral infections, especially COVID-19.

Pages