Storage (materials)

Fatty alcohols (FAs) have been widely studied as typical phase-change materials for their high latent heat, low undercooling, non-toxicity, and low cost in thermal energy storage applications. The thermal properties, especially the heat capacity, play a vital role in designing-related energy storage techniques. However, there are few studies on the thermal properties of FAs systematically investigated in a wide temperature region, which greatly limit their application in thermal energy storage field.
Elsevier, Energy and Buildings, Volume 103, 15 September 2015
It is well known that there is a need to develop technologies to achieve thermal comfort in buildings lowering the cooling and heating demand. Research has shown that thermal energy storage (TES) is a way to do so, but also other purposes can be pursued when using TES in buildings, such as peak shaving or increase of energy efficiency in HVAC systems. This paper reviews TES in buildings using sensible, latent heat and thermochemical energy storage.