Climate change


Futures, Available online 19 October 2016

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is vital for advancing the SDGs. This paper looks at transformative learning that prepares students for societal change. The discussion is grounded both in theories about hope from disparate scientific disciplines and in empirical research about young people’s hope concerning global climate change. These insights particularly inform SDG 4.7 to ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, as well as SDGs 3, 11 and 13.

ICIS EPCA Supplement 2015, pages 56-57, 26 September 2016

Future progress on managing climate change is in our hands
Landmark emissions targets were outlined at the COP21 meeting in Paris in 2015 and the chemical industry will play an important role in achieving them. The support of the chemical industry is vital for advancing SDG 13.2 to integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning. This report also emphasises the opportunities that climate action brings to the chemical industry.
A farmer in Uganda
Lucy Ajok, a 34 year old Ugandan farmer, gives Farmers Weekly an insight into her rural life. Lucy is a single mother of five children and lives on a three-acre farm practising mixed farming. Farming families dependent on family labour, like Lucy's, are typically the poorest in Uganda, and often have the additional challenge of HIV. This interview shares some of the challenges faced in achieving SDG 1 and SDG 2.
The role of agriculture in flood risk mitigation has been largely overlooked in the UK government’s national flood resilience review. Farm leaders are concerned that the review contains little mention of agriculture, rural communities or food security. This highlights the need to address flood risk mitigation holistically to support SDG 13.1 to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters, and SDG 2.4 to implement resilient agricultural practices that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, including flooding.
One of the most important consequences of climate change could be its effects on agriculture and subsequent global food availability. This modelling study is the first quantitative analysis of the global health implications of dietary and weight changes in view of climate change and agricultural production. It estimates the excess mortality attributable to agriculturally mediated changes by cause of death for 155 world regions in the year 2050. Authors warn that climate change mitigation will be key to preventing climate-related deaths through food insecurity and thereby demonstrating the linkages between SDG 3 and SDG 13.
Studies of waste-to-energy systems have applied a varying range of indicators to assess their sustainability. Through a literature review, this research aims to develop a framework of sustainability indicators that can serve as a reference for future research in waste-to-energy systems. Utilising this framework could helpd to advance SDG 7.2 to increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
Effective implementation of rules on reduced emission from avoided deforestation and forest degradation (REDD +) depends on the compatibility between these rules and existing sectoral policies associated with forests. These authors examine the coherence between REDD + polices and Kenyan policies. They find that coherence is impaired by lack of cross-sectorial consultations on REDD + and that a lack of coherence at the national level creates conflicts at the local level. Cross-sectorial consultative framework is therefore a prerequisite for policy coherence. This paper addresses SDGs 13, 15 and 16.
This paper presents a review of exergy analysis of solar thermal systems based on literature published in the last 2 years. This relates directly to SDG 7 "access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all".
The internal combustion engine does not efficiently convert chemical energy into mechanical energy and most of the energy is lost as heat. This paper discusses promising technologies for passive waste heat recovery system, addressing SDGs 9,12 and 13.
Recent research on CO2 capture is focusing on the optimization of CO2 absorption using amines (mainly monoethanolamine—MEA) in order to minimize the energy consumption of this very energy-intensive process and improve the absorption efficiency. This paper provides an overview of the main implications of using MEA for CO2 capture together with the latest advances in research to improve the conventional absorption process. The use of other solvents and/or technology, as well as their advantages and disadvantages will also be briefly provided. This is relevant for SDGs 9,12 and 13.