Climate change

This paper reviews how and why Traditional and Local Knowledge (TLK) needs to be integrated into climate change adaptation in Latin America and Caribbean. TLK systems and practical actions can collaborate with scientific knowledge in impact and risk assessment to develop both short and long-term planning. In addition to the main SDGs, this article is indirectly related to SDG 4 (Quality Education) and SDG 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions).
This paper looks into the negative effects of slow-onset events related to climate change in Southeast Asia ranging from economic, ecological, and social impacts. As such they require an integrated response option whether mitigation or adaptation that pays attention to the complexity of the intersection between human and natural systems.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

The study finds that the area of salt-affected soils is gradually increasing due to the influence of climate change; soil salinity tends to increase with increase in sea level intrusion and temperature, decrease in precipitation and improper irrigation management. There is an enormous scope for research on the correlation between climate change and soil salinity drivers at global and regional scale. In addition to the main SDGs, this article is indirectly related to SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and SDG 14 (Life Below Water).

Geography and Sustainability, Volume 2, June 2021

This water cycle study focuses on the impacts of climate change and human activities.
Osteoporotic fragility fractures are highly prevalent. Fragility fractures of the radius or ulna and humerus peaked in winter. Fragility fractures of the ankle, foot, tibia or fibula peaked in summer. Weather was associated with fragility fractures.
The understanding and recognition of soil ecosystem services (SoES) in spatial planning is crutial in sustainable cities.
This study highlights the potential adverse effects of climate change on future sexual crime and provides some information for targeted preventions.

Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Volume 3, June 2021, 100101

Contributing to SDGs 6, 12 and 14, this article explores the effects of groundwater extraction within an area of India and the resultant polluting effects.
This book chapter advances SDG 14 by explaining how biological factors that influence microbial structure and activity in coastal sediments include the various interactions between microorganisms involving trophic interactions such as competition, predation, and parasitism; between microbes and plants as well as the influence of benthic animals in the sediments.
This book chapter addresses SDG 9 and 17 by explaining the evolution of the blue economy. From the moment it moved offshore, the oil and gas industry had a requirement for the skills of geotechnical engineers, geoscientists, meteorologists, and oceanographers to ensure that activities were conducted efficiently and safely, and a core element of the new blue economy was created. The migration into deeper water created new challenges, and the industry invests heavily in scientific studies, and research and development, to overcome them. In many cases, oil and gas companies form consortiums that support collaborative research conducted jointly by academic and industry scientists. As the level of engagement with the ocean observing community has grown, the industry has released much of its data into the public domain and supported the development of appropriate degrees and training to ensure that the new blue economy has a capable workforce. As the balance of energy moves away from hydrocarbons to renewable energy sources, and new industries emerge such as deep-sea mining, requiring the services of ocean scientists, the new blue economy created by the oil and gas industry will be well equipped to serve their needs.