Climate change


Climate Change Science, Causes, Effects and Solutions for Global Warming, 2021, Pages 223-246

This book chapter advances SDGs 9 and 13 by discussing how designing smart building technology to satisfy the net energy and water needs of a building provides an innovative technology for mitigating global energy, environmental, and climate vulnerability.
Thanks to fast learning and sustained growth, solar photovoltaics (PV) is today a highly cost-competitive technology, ready to contribute substantially to CO2 emissions mitigation. However, many scenarios assessing global decarbonization pathways, either based on integrated assessment models or partial-equilibrium models, fail to identify the key role that this technology could play, including far lower future PV capacity than that projected by the PV community.
Elsevier, Trends in Food Science and Technology, Volume 111, May 2021
Background: Coffee is of the most traded commodities in the world and its market has grown regularly over the last 150 years. During production and processing of coffee beans many by-products are generated such as skin, pulp, mucilage, parchment, silverskin, and immature /defective coffee beans. Around 50% of coffee fruit is discard and can contaminate the environment. Scope and approach: The purpose of this review is to raise potential applications for coffee by-products in topical formulations. Besides, to present the main bioactive compounds responsible for their biological activity.
Urban regions in sub-Saharan Africa are growing significantly more rapid than their also growing rural counterparts. However, the employment perspectives in rural areas are decreasing, and thus the urban growth can become a driver for enhanced livelihoods in the rural areas.
Food production on our planet is dominantly based on agricultural practices developed during stable Holocene climatic conditions. Although it is widely accepted that climate change perturbs these conditions, no systematic understanding exists on where and how the major risks for entering unprecedented conditions may occur. Here, we address this gap by introducing the concept of safe climatic space (SCS), which incorporates the decisive climatic factors of agricultural production: precipitation, temperature, and aridity.
The review examined the potential of renewable and non-renewable energy resources and the current state of exploitation in Kenya.

International Environmental Cooperation and The Global Sustainability Capital Framework, 2021, Pages 1-15

This chapter discusses the need for international environmental cooperation (IEC) in a context of our common vulnerabilities and contingent survivability. It also introduces the Sustainability Capital Framework (SCF) as a core framework for guiding sustainable development, and for delimiting the boundaries of global sustainability.
This book chapter addresses SDG 11 and 13 by showcasing the existing gaps in SDG progress in Asia and how this has challenged the region to hardly achieve the 2030 targets for any of the 17 Goals.
This book chapter advances SDGs 13 and 15 by presenting the potential for artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and approaches in conservation-related challenges.

The Impacts of Climate Change, A Comprehensive Study of Physical, Biophysical, Social, and Political Issues, 2021, Pages 3-17

In this book, a few topics have been chosen to highlight the impacts of climate change on the physical and biophysical aspects of the planet. This introduction looks at the origins and the physics and chemistry of global warming and lets the science tell us just how serious a position our ecosystem and our society is in.