Climate change

As global temperatures continue to rise, questions about infrastructure capacity to keep up with energy demand are increasingly germane. Energy demand is mediated by several structural and environmental conditions, though we have a limited understanding about the role of differences in local ambient temperatures as a predictor for energy demand. This study assesses the effects of residential building structure, socio-demographics, and ambient temperature conditions of a neighborhood to overall energy expenditures of a household.
The two-dimensional (2D) ultrathin Mg-Al layered double hydroxide modified by magnetic Fe3O4 (Fe3O4/Mg-Al LDH) was successfully synthesized via the co-precipitation method. The Fe3O4/Mg-Al LDH not only exhibits superior separation efficiency of charge carriers but also possesses signally enhanced photocatalytic activity for CO2 reduction than Mg-Al LDH. The as-prepared Fe3O4/Mg-Al LDH affords the CO and CH4 generation rate of 442.2 µmol g−1 h−1 and 223.9 µmol g−1 h−1. The enhanced reduction CO2 activity mainly comes from synergetic effect of Fe3O4 and ultrathin Mg-Al LDH.
This white paper examines whether ambitious renewable targets and private sector financing is compatible in Europe over the next decade. It directly relates to SDG 7 - affordable and clean energy, and SDG 13 - climate action.
This book chapter addresses goals 7, 12, 13 and 14 by describing the fundamental issues of microalgae and their cultivation as a biofuel and alternative food source.

Bapon (SHM) Fakhruddin, Kate Boylan, Alec Wild, Rebekah Robertson, Chapter 12 - Assessing vulnerability and risk of climate change, Editor(s): Jana Sillmann, Sebastian Sippel, Simone Russo, Climate Extremes and Their Implications for Impact and Risk Assessment, Elsevier, 2020, Pages 217-241, 9780128148952

This book chapter advances SDG 13 by providing assessments of vulnerability and risk of extreme weather or climate events are essential in order to inform and implement appropriate prevention, adaptation, and mitigation strategies.
Soiling consists of the deposition of contaminants onto photovoltaic (PV) modules or mirrors and tubes of concentrated solar power systems (CSPs). It often results in a drastic reduction of power generation, which potentially renders an installation economically unviable and therefore must be mitigated. On the other hand, the corresponding costs for cleaning can significantly increase the price of energy generated. In this work, the importance of soiling is assessed for the global PV and CSP key markets.
Agricultural wastes are readily available in farming communities and can be utilised for off-grid electrification as an alternative to diesel generators. This work evaluates for the first time the life cycle environmental sustainability of these small-scale systems in the context of Southeast Asia. Rice and coconut residues are considered for direct combustion and gasification, and livestock manure for anaerobic digestion. Overall, anaerobic digestion is the best option for 14 out of 18 impacts estimated through life cycle assessment.
Electricity systems based on renewables have an increasing demand for flexibility. This paper considers the potential of power-to-gas to provide flexibility and enhance system integration of renewables. Existing research on power-to-gas typically analyses the system effects of a predetermined power-to-gas unit without endogenising the investment decision. Moreover, insights related to market and portfolio effects of power-to-gas are rare. To this end this work presents a stochastic electricity market model.
This book chapter addresses goals 13, 14, and 15 by focusing on how changing environmental temperatures affect species adaptation.
This report showcases business leadership on climate action aligned with limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C. Advancing SDGs 12, 13 and 17, this report features solutions and strategies developed by companies that have taken the 1.5°C pledge and examines how business leaders are integrating this process into corporate strategies and generating employee buy-in.