Health and population

The prevalence of HIV among transgender women in Brazil is not known. A respondent-driven study in Rio de Janeiro assessed the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and described the characteristics predictive of newly diagnosed HIV in this population. These findings will improve and direct future sexual health-care service provision, as well as the attainment of SDG 3, in Brazil.
Shakespeare’s allegory can be employed to articulate sustainable strategies in many of the SDG themes. For example, SDG 3 (Good health and well-being); SDG 7 (Affordable and clean energy); SDG 8 (Decent Work and economic growth); SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions). This article examines how Shakespeare's works anticipate sustainability narratives for society at large and its individual actors.
This article provides an up-to-date estimate of the prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus infection globally. Elimination of hepatitis C virus by 2030 is a key component of the WHO global health sector strategy, which aims to achieve the pledge to combat viral hepatitis set out in SDG 3.3. These reliable estimates of disease burden are essential for planning national strategies to achieve this goal.
A disproportionately greater HIV burden exists in sex workers than in the general population. This article examines the relationship between the impact of sex-work legislation and HIV prevalence in sex workers in 27 European countries, using an ecological regression analysis. The studied role of legalising some aspects of sex work, through fair enforcement, will inform and help improve sexual health across countries as part of SDGs 3.3 & 5.6.

Materials Today, Volume 20, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 67-73

In 2013 alone nearly 50 million tons of e-waste was generated worldwide. The United Nations’ STEP initiative has reported that e-waste is expected to grow by 33% over the next 4 years and by 2030 obsolete computer waste will reach 1,000 million tons. This electronic waste often contain toxic substances and nearly 80–85% of electronic products are directly disposed of in landfills or incinerators. The researchers suggest a new technique where circuit boards from electronics can be crushed into nanodust by a cryo-mill. The dust can then be easily separated into its component elements for recycling. The researchers intend it to replace the current process of e-waste into landfills and advances SDG 12.
Nanotechnology provides an emerging potent alternate mode of cancer therapy. The study emphasizes the synthesis of defect-rich hierarchical microspheres of PEGylated MoS2 nanosheets and h-MoO3 nanorods using a sustainable chemical route. This study also investigates their cytotoxicity towards lung and breast cancer cell lines. The authors noticed that defect-rich hierarchical microspheres of PEGylated MoS2 nanosheets and h-MoO3have better cytotoxicity toward breast (MCF-7) and lung (A549) cancer cells, respectively. These findings will further strengthen nanomaterials role for advancement in cancer therapy and contribute to SDG 3.

The Lancet, Volume 389, Issue 10070, 675–677

A study by Hong Chen and colleagues concludes that living close to heavy traffic is associated with a higher incidence of dementia. The research covered almost the entire adult population in Ontario, Canada with a lagged exposure of 10 years, statistically assessing the associations between traffic road proximity and incident dementia, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis. This study helps to advance SDG 3 and in particular advancing knowledge for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks, target 3.D.
The inaccessibility of essential medicines is a barrier to the achievement of goal 3 (good health and wellbeing) and its targets. This Lancet Commission investigates the multiple dimensions at the heart of the universal campaign for access for all ultimately making recommendations to ensure that essential medicines policies support universal health coverage and sustainable development in the 21st century.
Effective communication to citizens is of prime importance during public health crises involving water. This paper takes a sequential mixed method approach to the problem of communicating drinking water risks prevention of exposure to health risks in cities, related to SDG 6: clean water and sanitation.
China’s successful health efforts have resulted in achieving the Millennium Development Goal 4 – to reduce under-5 mortality rates by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. This article examines the trends in the under-5 mortality rates, and the specific causes of mortality within regions of China. Policy addressing the SDG 3.2 goal of reducing child mortality, should focus on addressing the disparities between regions, as well as the prevention of the greatest causes of child mortality.