Health and population

Loowatt team in Madagascar
The RELX Group Environmental Challenge is awarded annually to projects that best demonstrate how they can provide sustainable access to safe water where it is presently at risk and/or access to improved sanitation. The 2016 winner was Loowatt - an innovative sanitation solution which also generates power. The Environmental Challenge directly assists SDG 6.1 and 6.2 to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water and access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene, for all.
This commentary says that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been called “senseless, dreamy, garbled,” given that they include 17 goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators, in contrast to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that focused on eight goals, 18 targets, and 48 indicators. But the Global Burden of Disease study proves that the SDGs are measurable and attainable in 188 countries, it argues.
Employers should address rising stress and mental health risk through collaboration between internal departments and insurance providers. A dedicated employee risk manager is part of the solution, argues Andrew Woolnough, value propositions director at Willis Employee Benefits. Companies have an important role to play in advancing SDG 3.4 to promote mental health and well-being.

Research Intelligence, August 2016

Cancer Moonshot Report
With this report, Elsevier aims to benchmark and map out the global landscape of cancer research to provide helpful new insights. Along with other materials, this benchmark report will offer the research community, pubic, policymakers and research funding organizations information on the current state of cancer related research. We hope this report will be used to inform the development of new operational approaches, priorities, policies and funding strategies to produce new knowledge that will address key challenges related to cancer in the most effective, efficient and impactful way possible.
Accurate estimation of the global burden of HIV is essential for tracking the progress toward achieving one of the key components of SDG3.3: to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. This study uses the well-established Global Burden of Disease Study methods to estimate the impact of HIV on health in 2015. Not only do these findings provide insight into where the greatest gains are to be made, but also the discrepancies with other estimates emphasise the importance of accurate and reliable accounting.
By 2020, the UN has set a target to reduce the number of new HIV infections to below 500 000. This Personal View article puts the aim in the context of previous prevention targets and highlights the research and real-world evidence that supports HIV prevention programmes. By focusing on a broad set of approaches (such as condom distribution, education, and access to antiretroviral therapy) and ensuring they are applied to the most relevant populations the ambitious 2020 targets might be met. This contributes to SDG3 and the bid to end the AIDS epidemic.
Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013), this article reports the past, present, and anticipated burden of disease in young people aged 10–24 years from 1990 to 2013 using data on mortality, disability, injuries, and health risk factors. It shows that injuries, mental health disorders, and sexual and reproductive health problems are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in young people. Understanding young people's health will be important to the achievement of SDG 3 targets.
This study focuses on the how human displacement of the Sahariya - indigenous tribal conservation refugees in central India - has affected their mental health, supporting knowledge on SDG 3 Good health and wellbeing. Factors examined include food and water (in)security and poverty. The loss of homeland and relocation programmes is seen as detrimental to mental health.
This commentary on the latest estimates and analyses from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 discusses how they provide a vital link between the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2016–30: reporting global and national trends in various health metrics, associating trends with national development measured through a Socio-demographic Index (SDI), and profiling epidemiological and health transitions across the world.
One of the most important consequences of climate change could be its effects on agriculture and subsequent global food availability. This modelling study is the first quantitative analysis of the global health implications of dietary and weight changes in view of climate change and agricultural production. It estimates the excess mortality attributable to agriculturally mediated changes by cause of death for 155 world regions in the year 2050. Authors warn that climate change mitigation will be key to preventing climate-related deaths through food insecurity and thereby demonstrating the linkages between SDG 3 and SDG 13.