Sustainable consumption and production

High performance, cost-effective and environmentally acceptable separation systems is highly desirable in tackling the sustainability challenges facing current desalination technology. This paper provides a brief insight into the roles and prospective of nanotechnology, particularly the nano-enabled membrane technology, to serve as a key element to render feasible solutions for sustainable development in membrane desalination technology. This relates to SDG 6 and 9.
Membrane (bio)fouling is a major problem in separation and purification processes. This paper highlights recent advances in the design and development of highly resistant thin film composite membranes through surface modification. This is particularly relevant to SDG 6 (ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all) and the related innovations in design make this relevant for SDG 9 (build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation) as well.
The internal combustion engine does not efficiently convert chemical energy into mechanical energy and most of the energy is lost as heat. This paper discusses promising technologies for passive waste heat recovery system, addressing SDGs 9,12 and 13.
This white paper explores the links between goal 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and goal 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production). It discusses how business can play their part in increasing access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) with an emphasis on WASH delivery for workers in the supply chain.

Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 55, Part 1, January 2016, Pages 266–273

Sustainable agriculture holds great promise for alleviating a whole host of environmental problems and health risks associated with the modern industrial agricultural system. However, as this paper demonstrates, USDA-funded agroecological research shows tremendous untapped potential. Winning the Elsevier Atlas Award in June 2016, the authors argue that there is an urgent need for increased investments in research and development to make sustainable food production even more beneficial, contributing to SDGs 12, 13 and 15.

Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 156, Part 2, 17 December 2015, Pages 856-860

Forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) have received extensive attention during the last decade as emerging technologies for water reuse and seawater desalination, and power generation, respectively. This review summarizes what has been learned in the last decade and shares the authors understanding and perspectives on FO and PRO technologies for clean water and clean energy production (SDGs 6 and 7).
This article addresses goals 7, 8 and 13 by investigating the impact of economic growth and CO2 emissions on energy consumption for a global panel of 58 countries.

Energy and Buildings, Volume 103, 15 September 2015, Pages 414-419

Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is a proven way to improve the energy efficiency of a building, which also has economic benefits. Given target 11.6 aims to reduce environmental impacts of cities, it is important to explore ways in which buildings can become more energy efficient. This article reviews both active and passive storage systems.
Emerging technologies in the domain of solid-state physics have been investigated as serious alternatives for future refrigeration, heat pumping, air conditioning, or even power generation applications. This paper discusses some new technologies, which represent a potential for improvements in energy efficiency, compactness, noise level, as well as a reduction in environmental impacts related to SDGs 7, 12 and 13.
Human health is better now than at any time in history, but these gains have come at a high price: the degradation of nature’s ecological systems on a scale never seen in human history. A growing body of evidence shows that the health of humanity is intrinsically linked to the health of the environment, but by its actions humanity now threatens to destabilise the Earth’s key life-support systems. As a Commission, we conclude that the continuing degradation of natural systems threatens to reverse the health gains seen over the last century. The SDGs provide a great opportunity to integrate health and sustainability through the judicious selection of relevant indicators relevant to human wellbeing, the enabling infrastructure for development, and the supporting natural systems, together with the need for strong governance.