Sustainable consumption and production

Land Degradation (LD) in socio-environmental systems negatively impacts sustainable development paths. This paper provides an in-depth investigation of changes in biophysical and socioeconomic conditions of agricultural districts over time with the objective to assess local-scale spatial diversification in the degree of land susceptibility to degradation, taken as a proxy of desertification risk, related to SDG 15 (life on land).
Photos of a beach on Henderson Island in the Pacific Ocean provides yet more evidence of the detrimental impact that packaging and other plastics waste is having on the environment globally. Creating a virtuous circle out of what, until now, has largely been a chain of production from feedstock to consumer will not be easy. But it is the innovation aspect that has fired the imagination of producers, processors and corporate consumers of plastics packaging. This fits with SDG 9.4 to upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes and SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy.
It is no secret to anyone living in Beirut or a similar modern city in a semi-arid tropical country in the summer that their home has become a concrete forest and an urban heat island. Old wood or stone houses and their gardens have been replaced by concrete towers and parking lots, in the name of development. The result is searing summer nights, a drastic loss of insect and avian biodiversity, and a large increase in energy usage for interior climate control. These problems are experienced in rapidly developing urban centers worldwide. Moreover, cities worldwide are struggling with waste disposal. Roof gardens can help solve both problems highlighting synergies with a number of SDGs, including 7 and 11.
This collection of articles from the Editors of Environment International Journal explore the impact of climate change on health. The collection demonstrates the interconnectedness of SDG 13 and SDG 3. Understanding the changes and associated impact allows us to develop appropriate adaptive policies and practices to respond to climate-sensitive health risks.
This article serves to support SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production). Current international strategies and policies to reduce single-use plastics (plastic bags and microbeads) are reviewed.
SDG 7 sets the ambition to ensure access to modern energy for all by 2030, however this leaves significant procedural questions unaddressed. This paper argues that the basic orientation of this approach is problematic, undermining possibilities for progress toward energy justice and equitable development. Using a case study of Sierra Leonean rural cooking energy policy, this paper demonstrates how the underlying mentality of SDG7 feeds into existing discourses that marginalise producers and users of 'traditional' energy sources, threatening important livelihoods.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 4, April 2017, Pages 72-76, ISSN 2452-2236

Hybrid perovskites are key to any discussion of materials for solar energy conversion. These organic-inorganic semiconductors (e. g. methyl ammonium lead iodide), which adopt the perovskite crystal structure, have perturbed the landscape of photovoltaic research. Highly efficient solar cells based on hybrid perovskite absorber layers can be fabricated by solution processed active layers. These materials are abundant and the simple processing could make high-throughput and low cost manufacturing at large scale possible. Exploring the materials that are viable in solar energy conversion contributes to advancing SDG 7.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 4, April 2017, Pages 1-7, ISSN 2452-2236,

The need for better conversion technologies is a driving force behind many recent developments in materials. Second generation solar cells are based on thin films of materials, as compound semiconductor absorber layers. The thin film technology has a high potential, but research is needed to raise the device efficiency to such levels that cost of delivered power can be reduced. The paper by Siebenttritt recent developments which made thin film solar cells based on the chalcopyrite-type compounds Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 [(CIGS) or (CIS)], promising materials which could significantly contribute as thin-film materials to the future share of photovoltaics in the supply of electrical power.
The article summarises research conducted in different climate zones related to green roof design that is correlated with roles of substrate in promoting plant growth. From the review, it will serve as a guideline for selection of substrate suitable for green roofs in different climates worldwide. From the recommendation made, the success of plant growth in addressing food security needs a concerted effort worldwide through development of standard guidelines related to green roof design for close comparison across the world region. The review supports SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities, SDG 17: Partnerships for the goals and SDG 13: Climate action.
This study has investigated how smallholder farmers contribute to our global food supply. They looked at where farms are located, what type of commodities are produced (plants, livestock’s or fish) from farms of different sizes and their nutrition implications. They found that small farms produce 75–100% of all cereal in North America and South America, Australia, and New Zealand , livestock, and fruit in these regions, whereas small farms (<20 ha) found in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, southeast Asia, and China produce 75% of food commodities globally. This is in line with the attainment of SDG 2.

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