Technology

Reed Exhibitions,

Oceanology International 2016, 13-15 March 2016

Green Shipping
The Green Shipping panel discussion at Oceanology International 2016 explored the impact of invasive species carried across the seas not only inside ships and shipping containers, but also attached to hulls. Invasive species have been identified as one of the four greatest threats to the world’s oceans. Highlighting issues relating to shipping and invasive species helps to advance SDG 14.2 to sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts.
Reed Exhibitions,

Oceanology International 2016, 13-15 March 2016

Aquaculture
The Aquaculture Conference at Oceanology International 2016 brought together industry experts to explore the latest challenges faced by the aquaculture sector. The themes explored include fish health, containment, environmental security, marine biofuel development and spatial planning. Advancing techniques in these areas helps to advance SDG 14.4 to effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans.
Elsevier,

Building and Environment, Volume 97, 15 February 2016, Pages 196-202

Heat map of simulated annual heating demand for South Boston using UMI (a) and daily gas and electricity demand profiles for the highlighted building in South Boston (b).
Targets to reduce GHG emissions in cities require significant political willpower. Transportation and industrial activity have varying contributing factors to GHG in cities, while emissions from buildings is always a key contributor. Understanding building emissions is important in achieving SDG 11 and SDG 13. This article reviews both individual building energy models and regional and country-level building stock models as a way of analysing the energy performance of neighbourhoods.
New born baby being resuscitated
Every year, an estimated 1.8 million newborns die from breathing related problems. Precious time is lost when birth attendants interrupt critical ventilation to check a newborn’s heart rate by hand. Elsevier brought together five experts from diverse fields, who used their skills and creativity to brainstorm a solution. It's one example of a successful multidisciplinary approach, in this case to help the advancement of SDG 3.2, to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age.
This paper presents a review of exergy analysis of solar thermal systems based on literature published in the last 2 years. This relates directly to SDG 7 "access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all".
Key strategies to low energy buildings
The behaviour of a building's occupant has a significant impact on the energy consumption of that building. Behaviour patterns of building occupants are uncertain but social scientists have been studying behaviour patterns for decades. Drawing on this research, this paper explores advances and obstacles in modelling occupant behaviour and the impact this can have on measuring energy consumption. Target 11.6 is concerned with reducing the adverse impacts of cities, therefore understanding and being able to predict occupant behaviour will play an important role in achieving this target.
High performance, cost-effective and environmentally acceptable separation systems is highly desirable in tackling the sustainability challenges facing current desalination technology. This paper provides a brief insight into the roles and prospective of nanotechnology, particularly the nano-enabled membrane technology, to serve as a key element to render feasible solutions for sustainable development in membrane desalination technology. This relates to SDG 6 and 9.
Recent research on CO2 capture is focusing on the optimization of CO2 absorption using amines (mainly monoethanolamine—MEA) in order to minimize the energy consumption of this very energy-intensive process and improve the absorption efficiency. This paper provides an overview of the main implications of using MEA for CO2 capture together with the latest advances in research to improve the conventional absorption process. The use of other solvents and/or technology, as well as their advantages and disadvantages will also be briefly provided. This is relevant for SDGs 9,12 and 13.
Solar energy conversion using semiconductors to fabricate photovoltaic devices relies on efficient light absorption, charge separation of electron–hole pair carriers or excitons, and fast transport and charge extraction to counter recombination processes. Ferroelectric semiconductors offer the possibility to develop new know-how and a plethora of new functionalities of man-made materials for sensing, large scale energy conversion, energy storage, data retention, autonomous energy harvesting at small scales. This will help to address target SDG 7.3 to double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
Elsevier,

Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 156, Part 2, 17 December 2015, Pages 856-860

Forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) have received extensive attention during the last decade as emerging technologies for water reuse and seawater desalination, and power generation, respectively. This review summarizes what has been learned in the last decade and shares the authors understanding and perspectives on FO and PRO technologies for clean water and clean energy production (SDGs 6 and 7).

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