Temperature, an essential parameter of the physical environment, is integrally connected to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Most directly, it relates to SDG 13 (Climate Action), with rising global temperatures being a primary indicator of climate change, necessitating urgent action. Rising temperatures affect SDG 15 (Life on Land) and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) by threatening biodiversity and altering habitats. They also influence SDG 2 (Zero Hunger) and SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), as temperature changes can impact crop yields and water availability. Moreover, extreme temperature events are relevant to SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), due to the associated health risks such as heatstroke. Therefore, monitoring and managing temperature changes are critical for multiple aspects of sustainable development.

This study contributes to Goal 15 - Life on Land because it shows that tree growth to temperature change is a combination of short-term plastic and long-term adaptive reactions, and it suggests a limited adaptation to climate warming of trees growing at high altitudes. Such studies remind us that Life on Land as we know it currently will only be possible through conservation of natural ecosystems.

Background: Numerous studies have quantified the associations between ambient temperature and enteric infections, particularly all-cause enteric infections. However, the temperature sensitivity of enteric infections might be pathogen dependent. Here, we sought to identify pathogen-specific associations between ambient temperature and enteric infections.

This Comment article supports SDG 3, 13, and 15 by calling for urgent action to keep average global temperature increases below 1·5°C, halt the destruction of nature and further biodiversity loss, and protect health.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, June 2021

Temperature affects many life processes, but its effect might be expected to differ among eukaryotic organisms inhabiting similar environments. We reviewed literature on temperature thresholds of humans, livestock, poultry, agricultural crops, and sparse examples of fisheries. We found that preferable and harmful temperatures are similar for humans, cattle, pigs, poultry, fish, and agricultural crops. Preferable temperatures range from 17°C to 24°C. Stress temperature thresholds are lower when humidity is higher.


Methods in Stream Ecology: Third Edition, Volume 1, 20 February 2017

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by providing an overview of the methods for monitoring stream temperature, characterization of thermal profiles, and modeling approaches to stream temperature prediction. The development of spatially explicit predictive models provides a framework for simulating natural and anthropogenic effects on thermal regimes, which is integral for the sustainable management of freshwater systems.