The water, sanitation and hygiene gender equality measure (WASH-GEM): Conceptual foundations and domains of change
Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 91, 1 March 2022
The number of people exposed to water stress in relation to how much water is reserved for the environment: a global modelling study
The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, November 2021
This Article supports SDGs 3 and 6 by assessing global human water stress for low to high environmental flow protection. The findings suggest that ensuring high ecological protection would put nearly half the world's population under water stress for at least 1 month per year, meaning important trade-offs are made when allocating limited water resources between direct human needs and the environment.
Greenhouse gas emissions, water footprint, and ecological footprint of food purchases according to their degree of processing in Brazilian metropolitan areas: a time-series study from 1987 to 2018
The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, November 2021
An Article in support of SDGs 12 and 13, assessing greenhouse gas emissions, water footprint, and ecological footprint of different food types in Brazil, with a particular focus on ultra-processed foods
Concentrations of nine heavy metal (loid)s (HMs) were determined in fourteen different small indigenous species (SIS) of freshwater fish using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) technique. Mean concentrations of HMs in the investigated SIS of fish samples ranged from (0.284–1.554), (0.002–0.035), (0.055–0.431), (0.005–0.018), (0.011–0.252), (0.216–23.948), (0.460–34.616), (0.529–3.281), and (4.473–50.560) mg/kg-fw for Pb, Cd, Cr, As, Hg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn, respectively. Statistically significant difference (p
Elsevier, Water Research, Volume 189, 1 February 2021
Why pathogens matter for meeting the united nations’ sustainable development goal 6 on safely managed water and sanitation
Water and wastewater utilities, water and sanitation hygiene (WASH) practitioners, and regulating bodies, particularly in developing nations, rely heavily on indicator microorganisms, as opposed to pathogens, for much of their regulatory decisions. This commentary illustrates the importance of considering pathogens and not relying only on indicator organisms when making decisions regarding water and sanitation, especially with respect to meeting the current targets of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.
One Earth, Volume 4, 19 February 2021
This article examines how improved water security affects the success of other SDGs, when all the goals are examined simultaneously.
Elsevier, Journal of Hazardous Materials Letters, Volume 1, November 2020
Increased concern has recently emerged pertaining to the occurrence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in aquatic environment during the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While infectious SARS-CoV-2 has yet to be identified in the aquatic environment, the virus potentially enters the wastewater stream from patient excretions and a precautionary approach dictates evaluating transmission pathways to ensure public health and safety.
Elsevier, Water Research, Volume 186, 1 November 2020
Water Sensitive Cities Index: A diagnostic tool to assess water sensitivity and guide management actions
Cities are wrestling with the practical challenges of transitioning urban water services to become water sensitive; capable of enhancing liveability, sustainability, resilience and productivity in the face of climate change, rapid urbanisation, degraded ecosystems and ageing infrastructure. Indicators can be valuable for guiding actions for improvement, but there is not yet an established index that measures the full suite of attributes that constitute water sensitive performance.
Elsevier, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Volume 230, September 2020
Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals for water and sanitation in Indonesia – Results from a five-year (2013–2017) large-scale effectiveness evaluation
Background: Access to safe sanitation and the elimination of open defecation are pre-conditions for improved child health and nutrition and wider achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). While Indonesia has a solid policy framework, the country ranks third globally in terms of numbers of people practicing open defecation. Objectives: Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of a five-year strategy to reduce open defecation through accelerating implementation of the national sanitation program across districts receiving variable levels of external support.
Mapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17
The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, September 2020
This study supports SDGs 3 and 6 by analysing data from 88 low-income and middle-income countries and showing geographical disparities in access to clean water and sanitation facilities. These findings identify where efforts to increase access to safe water and sanitation have been successful over time, and highlight the need for targeted and tailored interventions to reach those communities and regions that have been left behind.