Science

This report, conducted by Elsevier in collaboration with SciDev.net, contributes to the understanding of sustainability science as a research field and the dialogue between science and society in sustainable development. The report is relevant to all 17 SDGs as it underlines the inter-disciplinary nature of sustainability science and the impact that has on the success of the SDGs. The report helps to advance SDG 4 Quality education and SDG 10 Reduced inequalities.
Elsevier,

Social Science & Medicine, March 2015, Pages 316 - 326

The evidence that large income differences have damaging health and social consequences is strong and in most countries inequality is increasing. Narrowing the gap will improve the health and wellbeing of populations and contribute to the advancement of SDG 10.2 by empowering and promoting the social, economic and political inclusion of all.
Provision of clean water is one of the most important global issues. However, clean water resources are decreasing every day because of contamination by various pollutants including organic chemicals. This article discusses techniques to remove pollutants from clean water resources and thus contributes to the advancement of 6.3, which target the reduction of pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials which substantially increases water recycling.
A third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide without access to improved sanitation live in India, as do two-thirds of the 1 billion practising open defecation and a quarter of the 1.5 million who die annually from diarrhoeal diseases. This study looked at the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention in India, providing insight into how to reach SDG 6.2 to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and ending open defecation whilst paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.
World Bank
This report, a partnership between Elsevier and the World Bank, examines and compares the research enterprise of sub-Saharan Africa from 2003 and 2013, with a special emphasis on research in STEM. This analysis provides valuable insights that help to advance SDG 4 Quality education and SDG 10 Reduced inequalities.
Biomass-derived liquid transportation fuels and energy products have been proposed as part of the solution to climate change and thus support SDG 7 and 13 to increase renewable energy in the global energy mix and increase resilience against climate change. This article describes the key challenges and opportunities in modeling and optimization of biomass-to-bioenergy supply chains. Conclusions include potential future research on multi-scale modelling and optimization of biofuel value chains.
Advances in urban sustainability have recently been made through transdisciplinary collaborations among researchers, decision-makers and stakeholders. However, these advances have limited transferability due to the inherent uniqueness of the city in which they originated. This paper proposes a core/common set of metrics to assess ecosystem services. The framework contributes to the advancement of SDG 11.3 to enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management.
In order to ease the pressure on biomass resources and investments in renewable energy, feasible solutions to future sustainable energy systems must involve a substantial focus on energy conservation and energy efficiency measures. This paper defines the concept of 4th Generation District Heating and explains the concepts of smart energy and smart thermal grids, in support of SDG target 7.2 to increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030.
Vaccine “hesitancy” is an emerging term in the literature and discourse on vaccine decision-making and determinants of vaccine acceptance. Determinants of vaccine hesitancy are complex and context-specific – varying across time, place and vaccines. By eliminating vaccine hesitancy SDG 3 will be met as it seeks to ensure health and well-being for all, at every stage of life.
A new Global Investment Framework for Women's and Children's Health demonstrates how investment in women's and children's health will secure high health, social, and economic returns. We costed health systems strengthening and six investment packages for: maternal and newborn health, child health, immunisation, family planning, HIV/AIDS, and malaria. This article directly links to the SDG targets 3.1 and 3.2 to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births, and end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age.

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