Adoption of novel climate-smart farming systems for enhanced carbon stock and carbon dioxide equivalent emission reduction in cattle corridor areas of Uganda

Elsevier, Heliyon, Volume 9, Issue 3, March 2023, e14114
Nakiguli Fatumah, Ssemwanga Mohammed, Nkumba Ashraf, Kigozi Abasi, Nassejje Shadia

Climate change remains the single major threat to the realization of increased livestock production because of its impact on the quantity and quality of feed crops and forages, water availability, animal reproduction, and biodiversity. To minimize the negative impacts of climate change on livestock, an agroforestry project was implemented in the cattle corridor areas of Uganda. Predominant agroforestry tree species and improved grass were planted. At the age of 1.5 years, the aboveground biomass, aboveground carbon stock, and carbon dioxide equivalent emissions sequestrated by each sapling species strand and grass species were determined. From the results, the aboveground biomass (F = 92.21, p = 0.020), aboveground carbon stock (F = 101.01, p = 0.035), and the carbon dioxide equivalent emissions sequestrated (F = 71.02, p = 0.0401) varied significantly among the studied species. Among the agroforestry saplings, Calliandra callothyrus (10.0 ± 0.7 ton/acre) had the highest aboveground biomass, while Markhamia lutea (4.3 ± 0.3 tons/acre) and Albizia chinense (4.1 ± 0.2 tons/acre) had the lowest aboveground biomass. Similarly, the aboveground carbon stock was the highest in Calliandra callothyrus strand (4.70 ± 0.1 tons/acre) and lowest in the Albizia chinense strand (1.94 ± 0.2 tons/acre). At a strand level, Calliandra callothyrus (17 ± 0.4 ton/acre) sequestrated the highest quantities of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, followed by Maesopsis eminii (10 ± 0.2 ton/acre) and Grevillea robusta (9 ± 0.5 ton/acre) species strands. Markhamia lutea (7 ± 0.2 ton/acre) and Albizia Chinense (7 ± 0.1 ton/acre) strands sequestrated the lowest quantities of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions. At the age of 1.5 years, the grass species were fully grown but only stored 0.51 ± 0.0 and 0.47 ± 0.0 tons/acre of Aboveground carbon for Chloris gayana and Centrosema pubescens, respectively. The carbon dioxide equivalent emissions sequestrated by the grass: Chloris gayana (1.9 ± 0.0 ton/acre) and Centrosema pubescens (1.7 ± 0.0 ton/acre) were also less than that of the agroforestry saplings. From this study, the agroforestry species with higher wood biomass and fast growth rate are recommended for carbon dioxide emission sequestration.