The sudden change in environment with hospitalization in patients with dementia can provoke feelings of agitation. Listening to music can be an effective intervention to decrease agitation because the part of the brain recognizing music is unaffected by dementia, and music can elicit feelings of happiness. This project aimed to reduce agitation in patients with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) by implementing an individualized music listening program. The sample included 21 patients diagnosed with ADRD admitted to a medical-surgical unit at a community hospital. The four-item Pittsburgh Agitation Scale (PAS) was completed by clinical staff to document the degree to which their patient exhibited four types of agitated behavior. A paired t-test yielded a statistically significant (p<0.001) decrease in total scores from pre-test (M=4.83, SD=2.10) to post-test (M=1.38, SD=1.40). The findings demonstrate that implementing an individualized music listening program reduces agitation in patients with ADRD.
Geriatric Nursing, Volume 52, 1 July 2023,